live asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文句型文法

To one's 情狀名詞 此句中的one可為任何名詞嗎 如audience's .Frank's......

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  • Peter
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    情狀名詞, 應該是表情緒狀態的名詞, 如: disappointment, surprise, favor, dismay....

    To one's 情狀名詞中的one's, 可以代成你舉的名詞例子(但需為"人"), 如: audience's, Frank's. 只是提醒你, 第三人稱非專有名記得要加冠詞 (a, an, the).

    如:

    To one's surprise, ....

    To his excitement, ....

    To John's dismay, ....

    To the students' disappointment, .... (第三人稱複數)

    To the boy's expectation, .... (第三人稱單數)

    其實你的問題, 可以再簡化成下列來探討:

    英文中的one, 在文法上等同於名詞或代名詞的性質和功能, 所以句型中, 看到 one也可以舉一反三地套用成其它名詞或代名詞, 如上述例子中的he, John, the students, the boy.

    而當one在句型中呈現所有格狀態(one's), 套用成其它名詞或代名詞, 就會變成 his, John's, the students', the boy's.

    同理, 若one在句型中為受格, 套用成其它名詞或代名詞時, 也必須為受格. 但名詞主格, 受格都長的一樣, 不需變化. 唯獨代名詞有受格變化.

    如:

    Give one a big hug.

    Give John a big hug.

    Give the studenta a big hug.

    Give the boy a big hug.

    Give him a big hug. (結合上述例子, 可知只有代名詞有主格, 受格, 所有格的變化)

    所以你提出的 to one's +情狀名詞, 只是其中一種句型而已.

    其它例子如:

    1. kick one's ass--可套用為 kick his ass, kick your boss' ass.

    2. One must be true to others--可套用為 John must be true to others, She must be true to others.

    Source(s): myself
  • 1 decade ago

    我搜 google 都搜不到半個「情狀名詞」的說法。(平常幾乎任何東西在 google 找都可以找到上萬篇)您這從哪本書上看來的,前後文是什麼?否則真沒辦法猜到。網友們有懂得的嗎?

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