biology homework help plzz ! after every is sammy alive we have to explain why or why not he's alive plz help?

Sammy was a normal little boy. There was nothing in his life to indicate that he was anything different from anyone else. When he completed high school, he obtained a job in a factory, operating a machine press. On this job he had an accident and lost his hand. It was replaced with an artificial hand that looked and operated almost like a real one.

Is Sammy Alive?

Soon afterward Sammy developed a severe intestinal difficulty, and a large portion of his lower intestine had to be removed. It was replaced with an elastic silicon tube.

Is Sammy Alive?

Everything looked good for Sammy until he was involved in a car accident. Both of his legs and his good arm were crushed and had to be amputated. He also lost an ear. Artificial legs enabled Sammy to walk again, and an artificial arm replaced the real arm. Plastic surgery enabled doctors to rebuild the ear.

Is Sammy Alive?

Over the next several years, Sammy was plagued with internal disorders. First, he had to have an operation to remove his aorta and replace it with synthetic vessel. Next, he developed a kidney malfunction, and the only way he could survive was to use a kidney dialysis machine (no donor was available for a kidney transplant). Later, his digestive system became cancerous and was removed. He received nourishment intravenously. Finally, his heart failed. Luckily for Sammy, a donor heart was available, and he had a heart transplant.

Is Sammy Alive?

It was now obvious that Sammy had become a medical phenomenon. He had artificial limbs, nourishment was supplied to him through his veins; therefore he had no solid wastes. All waste material was removed by the kidney dialysis machine. The heart that pumped his blood to carry oxygen and food to his cells was not his original heart. But Sammy's tranplanted heart began to fail. He was immediately placed on a heart-lung machine. This supplied oxygen and removed carbon dioxide from his blood, and it circulated blood throughout his body.

Is Sammy Alive?

The doctors consulted bioengineers about Sammy. Because almost all of his life-sustaining functions were being carried on by machine, it might be possible to compress all of these machines into one mobile unit, which would be controlled by electrical impulses from Sammy's brain. This unit would be equipped with mechanical arms to enable him to perform manipulative tasks. A mechanism to create a flow of air over his vocal cords might enable him to speak. To do all of this, they would have to amputate at the neck and attach his head to the machine, which would then supply all the nutrients to his brain. Sammy consented, and the operation was successfully performed.

Is Sammy Alive?

Sammy functioned well for a few years. However, a slow deterioration of his brain cells was observed and was diagnosed as terminal. So the medical team that had developed around Sammy began to program his brain. A miniature computer was developed: it could be housed in a machine that was humanlike in appearance, movement, and mannerisms. As the computer was installed, Sammy's brain cells completely deteriorated. Sammy was once again able to leave the hospital with complete reassurance that he would not return with biological illness.

Is Sammy Alive?

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    This is an example of the Ship of Theseus paradox. There's a big article about it on Wiki:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ship_of_theseus

    I'd say Sammy isn't alive, cause at this stage of our technology we can't make mechanical brains yet that are as good as biological ones.

    But the story seems to assume that we CAN, so it's a bit more difficult..It's just a matter of definition.

    I guess for our purposes we could say he is alive because he feels alive, and thinks like a living person. But maybe Wikipedia has better answers.

    Actually, since this is biology: If you're nitpicking, you can look at the definitions of "Life":

    - All living things breathe and eat: Sammy does

    - All living things move: Sammy does

    - All living things reproduce: Don't know if that's important here, I mean there are many people that get sterilized later in life.

    - All living things respond to their environment: yes

    - All living things regulate their internal environment: yes

    - Are made of cells: busted! That one's a no.

    - All living things grow: He doesn't do that either.

    So biologically he isn't alive. Though I'd still say he's conscious.

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    6 years ago

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    biology homework help plzz ! after every is sammy alive we have to explain why or why not he's alive plz help?

    Sammy was a normal little boy. There was nothing in his life to indicate that he was anything different from anyone else. When he completed high school, he obtained a job in a factory, operating a machine press. On this job he had an accident and lost his hand. It was replaced with an artificial...

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  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

    Sunshine

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Sucks to be Sammy.

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  • 1 decade ago

    red

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