Most of Europe's power and science come from Western Europe ( Britain, France, Germany ). Thus, it can be seen?

that the Africans genes in Souther Europe ( Spain, Portugal, Italy etc. ) and Asian genes in Eastern and Northern Europe ( Russia, Baltics, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Romania, Ukarine, Balkans etc. ) are what's HURTING Europe?

North African admixture

E1b1b is thought to have expanded from Sub-Saharan Africa into North Africa, the Levant and then into Europe. In 2000 Rosser, connected the presence of E1b1b1 (E-M35) clades in southern Europe (the Balkans, Iberia and southern Italy) to a 'northern African influence'. However, the author did not directly connect this with any demographic event or time period.[73] Subsequently, as discussed above, the vast majority of these clades were found to belong to haplogroup E1b1b1a2 (E-V13), whose current frequencies in Europe are due to a demographic expansion originating from within Europe during or after the Neolithic.

Another subclade of E1b1b1 (E-M35) is E1b1b1b (E-M81). This is often considered to be a "Berber marker",[41] or marker of relatively recent northwestern African migrations into Southern Europe. Unlike E1b1b1a2 (E-V13), notable frequencies are limited to specific areas within the Iberian Peninsula, Italy and Sicily. In certain Iberian populations, it is more common than E-M78, at an average frequency of 4-5.6%, with frequencies reaching 9% in Galicia, 10% in Western Andalusia and Northwest Castile and 13 % in Cantabria.[74][75] The highest frequency of this clade found so far in Europe has been observed at 40% the Pasiegos from Cantabria.[76] Flores et al. (2004) propose that the absence of microsatellite variation suggests a very recent arrival from North Africa consistent with historical exchanges across the Mediterranean during the period of Islamic expansion, namely of Berber populations,[42] although in a study of Portuguese Y-chromosome lineages, Gonçalves et al. (2005) revealed that "The mtDNA and Y data indicate that the Berber presence in that region dates prior to the Moorish expansion in 711 AD... Our data indicate that male Berbers, unlike sub-Saharan immigrants, constituted a long-lasting and continuous community in the country".

In Italy, E1b1b1b is typically more common in parts of Sicily, but it is found also in continental Italy[77] (for example near Lucera, a region where Sicilian Moslems are known to have been settled in the time of Frederick II)[75] and France,[76] possibly due to historic migrations during the Islamic, Roman, and Carthaginian empires, as well as the influence of Sephardic Jews.[78] In all, sequences whose origins lay in northern Africa have been "estimated to contribute to the Sicilian gene pool at a rate of 6%". [79]

Apart from E-M81, other related haplogroups within the E-M35 clade are also seen as showing immigration from Northern Africa. Like E-V13, these are mostly subclades of E1b1b1a (E-M78): E-V12, E-V22, and E-V65 all of which have been found in low frequencies in Europe. Cruciani found that these could represent movements emanating from anytime after 15 kYa.[80]

The Y-DNA data has been supported by mtDNA studies. Haplogroups U6 and M1 are present in Iberian populations in ranges of 0 to 7%.[81][82][83][84] However, the presence of U6 in Iberia cannot be equated with certainty to historic Islamic presence given that it happens to be a characteristic genetic marker of the Saami populations of Northern Scandinavia.[82], it is more frequent in the north of the Iberian Peninsula rather than in the south, and is also attested too in the British Islands, again at their northern and western borders. It may be a trace of a prehistoric neolithic/megalithic expansion along the Atlantic coasts from North Africa, perhaps in conjunction with seaborne trade. A trace of these lineages have even made their way to eastern European populations[84]

[edit] Sub-Saharan African admixture

Sub-Saharan African mtDNA (haplogroups L1, L2 and L3)[85][86] and Y-DNA (haplogroups A, B and E (excluding E1b1b), particularly the ubiquitous Bantu marker E1b1a)[87][88] are present at generally low levels throughout Europe.

Maternal (mtDNA) lineages are the more common and likely represent gene flow from historical events, such as slavery.[89] They've been found in Portugal (6.9%), Spain (2.1%), Slovakia (1%), Italy (0.87%), Finland (0.83%), Bulgaria (0.71%), Bosnia (0.69%), Basques (0.64%), England (0.6%), Greece (0.44%), Switzerland (0.44%), Czech Republic (0.4%), Russia (0.3%), France (0.3%), Poland (0.18%), Germany (0.17%) and Scotland (0.1%).[90]

Paternal (Y-DNA) lineages occur less frequently. They've been found in Portugal (3%), Albanians from Italy (2.9%), France (2.5%), Germany (2%), Sardinia, Italy (1.6%), Calabria, Italy (1.3%), Austria (0.78%), Italy (0.45%), Spain (0.42%) and Greece (0.27%).[91]

Genome-wide autosomal DNA analyses using the STRUCTURE clustering program, which is designed to accurately detect and quantify admixture,[92] show equally negligible levels of sub-Saharan African admixt

10 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Greece is the cradle of modern civilization and of ALL sciences...

    Rome was one of the biggest and more advanced empires of History...

    Turkey was once the Ottoman Empire that stretched from the middle east to Greece...

    Portugal and Spain split the world between the two, being two gigantic superpowers for 300 years ruling ALL the seas of the world and whole continents...

    You are not only a filthy RACIST but also extremely IGNORANT.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Not particularly. Generally Eastern Europe has been less prosperous than Western Europe and in recent times it was probably Western Europe who lead the way in exploration etc (e.g. British Empire) but you can't forget that a lot of Europes most successful civilisations were Southern European (for example Ancient Greeks and the Roman Empire) so the African genes can't be 'hurting' them that much as you said. And to be honest, Eastern Europe's main problem was communism, it's not like they're stupid or anything.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Question to Laura.

    All what the United Killers of Great Britain did for the world were massacres; where are the natives of USA, Australia or Canada. What did the English to the Irish. Are Jamaica, India or Nigeria third world countries? Rum Sodomy and Slash, was the anathem of your pirate empire.

    You the English have very funny concept of the world, in which the success of a country is only rated according to the only important thing for the anglosaxon mentality: money.

    What did Switzerland for the world:- the cucko clocks? Are they succesfull because they are laundering money.

    By the way, we are delighted here with the hordes of drunk, violent, dirty chavs coming from England. You are the scum of the world, and by the way the dirtiest country I have ever visited. (carpets in the toilettes my god). Untill now you had at least money, but now you are the most declining country of Europe with your laughable pound, and your investments scams vanishing in the air.

    Pd.- I do apologize with the Germans truly they had provide western culture with lots of philosophy and good music.

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  • 1 decade ago

    You're a fool and you need to get your facts straight.

    Go take an intro history course on Europe and you will learn about the Ancient Greeks, the Romans, the Renaissance (which started in Florence), etc etc etc.

    Oh and we can't forget about Mesopotamia, the Incas, Mayans, etc-which is not part of Europe, but influenced and made a huge impact on humankind in more ways than one.

    Source(s): - Anthropology and Spanish major
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  • .....0
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    Italy has invented a lot of great things and it was once world power along with Greece and Turkey so I don't know what you are talking about. And you think the Asians are dim or something?!

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    @antonio, the 'Germanic's are just parasites on the culture.' I see from your other answers that you are Spanish. Britain has contributed far more to Western Culture than spain has. we kick started the industrial revolution and had the biggest empire the world has ever known. english language is the main language spoken in the world and look at the differences between former British colonies and spanish colonies. which ones are more successful? former british colonies like the usa and Australia are first world countries and amongst the most powerful in the world while spanish colonies are third world countries. in fact spain would be a third world country if it were not for them joining the EU where they leech off British and german money. you should thank british people for investing in spain or it would look like your old colonies in south america.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    sincerely, the power and science came from southern europe. the Mesopotamia ( iraq) built ziggurat. ( the first pyramid).....in julius Cesar time, the northern and western european were the barbarians. the countries like france, Britain, Germany were the colonies of roman.

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  • 1 decade ago

    You are thinking too much, and in the wrong way.

    What you wrote makes no sense.

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  • 1 decade ago

    This is a FAIL....sorry.

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  • 1 decade ago

    u tlk 2 much, wat hv u done

    Source(s): u tlk d tlk, but can't wlk d wlk u faggot
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