Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Education & ReferenceHomework Help · 1 decade ago

Why was Canberra chosen as Australia's National Capital?

Please leave all your references =]

Thanks everyone~

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  • 1 decade ago
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    I googled this up. It seems a bit tongue-in-cheek, but it's all I could find.

    Sydney is not the capital city, even though, yes, it is the largest. The reason is because Melbourne was the financial centre of Australia, but Sydney was the largest city. There was some conflict because Sydney felt they should be the capital, so eventually, the government decided to give neither city the status of capital. So in 1927, when Canberra was completed (halfway between Sydney and Melbourne) it became the capital. This is also the reason as to why the Australian Capital Territory exists, so then it would be in neither New South Wales or Victoria.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Yes...it was because of the intense inter-city rivalry between Sydney and Melboure...a rivalry that is just as intense today. Both cities felt that they deserved to be the capital of Australia.

    Prior to 1927 Melbourne had been the seat of government, and hence the capital. But in the early 1900s it had been decided to create a 'neutral' territory half way between the two cities. The new territory was called the Australian Capital Territory with Canberra to be the major city and the new capital city of Australia. A design competition was held, with the winner and eventual designer of Canberra being the American city planner and architect, Walter Burly Griffin.

    By 1927 enough of the new city of Canberra had been built to enable it to become the seat of government. Parliament sat in Canberra for the first time in 1927 in what is now called 'Old Parliament House'.A new Parliament House was built and opened in the 1980s.

    Canberra is not a large city, and government and associated services are the major sources of empolyment. If Canberra was not the capital and administrative centre of Australia, there would be no reason for it to exist. It probably would have remained farmland.

    Melbourne remains the capital of the State of Victoria, and Sydney of the State of New South Wales...and it's probaly fair to say that both cities still feel that Canberra is nothing more than a presumptuous upstart, not worthy of Capital city status!!

  • 1 decade ago

    ahtoburen's answer sounds right.

    Source(s): General knowledge as an Aussie. :)
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