What do the terms "intellectual attitudes" and "cultural attitudes" mean?

I'm currently writing an essay on the medieval times for my AP history class, but I'm having trouble understanding one of the areas I have to cover. I have to explain the intellectual and cultural attitudes of the Middle Ages, but I'm unsure of the meaning of these terms. Thanks in advance.
Update: I appreciate the fact that people explain what it meant back then, but I just simply wanted to know what the terms meant by themselves and not in relation with the Middle Ages.
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