撰風
Lv 6
撰風 asked in 科學動物學 · 1 decade ago

有請各位撥冗時間告知有關「瓦氏赤羚」之相關資料。

有請各位撥冗時間告知有關「瓦氏赤羚」之相關資料。

秋弓之瑟~

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★

    ◆◇◆中文的維基百科大概大家都找過了:◆◇◆

      瓦氏赤羚(學名Kobus vardonii)是在剛果南部及尚比亞的濕草原上發現的羚羊。

      瓦氏赤羚站立時身高約80厘米,體重60-70公斤。牠全身呈沙啡色,下腹部呈淺啡色。雄性有著長約50厘米的羚角,形狀彷如豎琴。

      瓦氏赤羚生活在接近沼澤的草原上,以當中的草為食物。牠們是「曙暮性動物」,活躍於早上或接近黃昏時段。當處於驚慌時,會不斷的尖叫。約20頭雌性會聚集成族群,並且在雨季集合至50頭以上,以保安全。雄性會保護自己的疆界,以圖讓雌性族群留在這疆界內。

    ◆◇◆http://zh.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%E7%93%A...

    ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★

    裡面寫得還蠻簡單的,請大大自行參考看看!

    (用翻譯機大概就可以大略了解,

    雖然用翻譯機翻出來的不是完全正確

    也可以順便練習英文唷!!

    國外的資訊也是很好的知識來源呢!!

    就在搜尋引擎上打上

    他的英名 "Puku" 或其學名 "Kobus vardonii"

    就可以找到很多資料呢!!不錯吧!)

    ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★

    ◆◇◆Puku ( Kobus vardonii )◆◇◆

    ◆◇◆Classification◆◇◆:

    Kingdom: Animalia

    Phylum: Chordata

    Class: Mammalia

    Order: Artiodactyla

    Family: Bovidae

    Subfamily: Reduncinae

    Genus: Kobus

    ◆◇◆Taxonomy◆◇◆

    (1)Kobus vardonii [Livingstone, 1857].

    (2)Citation: Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa, p. 256.

    (3)Type locality: Zambia, Barotseland, Chobe Valley, near Libonta (40deg30', 23deg15').

    ◆◇◆General Characteristics◆◇◆

    (1)Body Length: 126-142 cm / 4.2-4.6 ft.

    (2)Shoulder Height: 77-83 cm / 31-33 in.

    (3)Tail Length: 28-32 cm / 11-13 in.

    (4)Weight: 62-90 kg / 136-198 lb.

    2009-08-07 17:27:20 補充:

    The coarse coat is a uniform golden brown in colour, with the underparts, including the underside of the tail, being slightly paler. The forehead area is generally darker than the body, while there are inconspicuous off-white areas around the eyes and lips.

    2009-08-07 17:27:40 補充:

    Around the edge of the ears is a fine black rim. The body is heavy with a level back, and the legs are somewhat shorter than the others in the genus Kobus and without any markings. The strongly ridged horns are found only in males.

    2009-08-07 17:27:50 補充:

    Less lyrate than those of the kob, they grow 45-53 cm / 18-21 inches long.

    2009-08-07 17:28:00 補充:

    ◆◇◆Ontogeny and Reproduction◆◇◆

    (1)Gestation Period: 8 months.

    (2)Young per Birth: 1

    (3)Weaning: After 6 months.

    (4)Sexual Maturity: 12-14 months.

    (5)Life span: Up to 17 years.

    Breeding occurs year-round, with a peak from May to September.

    2009-08-07 17:28:59 補充:

    ◆◇◆Ecology and Behavior◆◇◆

    Feeding activity of the puku is generally limited to the early mornings and late afternoons, although this period may extend long after dark.

    2009-08-07 17:29:05 補充:

    The puku is more adaptable in terms of habitat requirements than the kob, and will inhabit areas of open woodland if conditions are suitable.

    During the rainy season, populations spread out on higher ground, descending to the margins of watercourses during the dry season.

    2009-08-07 17:29:12 補充:

    At this time, smaller groups may join together to form parties of 50 or more animals.

    When alarmed, the puku emits a shrill, repeated whistle. Solitary males hold territories throughout the year, and each attempts to induce a herd of females to remain on his patch of ground for as long as possible.

    2009-08-07 17:29:15 補充:

    These territories are spaced out over a considerable distance, and no lekking behavior (as seen in kob) has been recorded.

    2009-08-07 17:29:26 補充:

    Family group: Small maternal of 6-20 animals, adult males solitary or in bachelor groups.

    Diet: Grasses.

    Main Predators: Lion, leopard, hyena, Cape hunting dog.

    2009-08-07 17:29:36 補充:

    ◆◇◆Distribution◆◇◆

    Floodplain grasslands near water in central southern Africa.

    ◆◇◆Conservation Status◆◇◆

    The puku is considered a low risk, conservation dependent species by the IUCN (1996).

    2009-08-07 17:29:52 補充:

    ◆◇◆Remarks◆◇◆

    Although sometimes classified as a southern subspecies of the kob, the puku is now generally considered a species unto itself. Puku is an African native name. Kobus (New Latin) from koba, an African name.

    2009-08-07 17:29:59 補充:

    The puku was named in honour of Major Frank Vardon, an English elephant hunter, and a friend of Livingstone when in Africa about the year 1850.

    2009-08-07 17:30:33 補充:

    ◆◇◆Literature Cited◆◇◆

    Alden, P. C., R. D. Estes, D. Schlitter, and B. McBride. 1995. National Audubon Society Field Guide to African Wildlife. New York: Chanticleer Press.

    2009-08-07 17:30:41 補充:

    IEA (Institute of Applied Ecology). 1998. Kobus vardonii. In African Mammals Databank - A Databank for the Conservation and Management of the African Mammals Vol 1 and 2. Bruxelles: European Commission Directorate. Available online at http://gorilla.bio.uniroma1.it/amd/amd342b.html

    2009-08-07 17:30:53 補充:

    Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, London and New York: NaturalWorld.

    2009-08-07 17:30:56 補充:

    Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder [editors]. 1993. Mammal Species of the World (Second Edition). Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. Available online at http://nmnhwww.si.edu/msw/

    ◆◇◆http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Kobus...

    2009-08-07 17:31:09 補充:

    ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★

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  • 大大:→←裏面有做好詳細資料連結

    有請各位撥冗時間告知有關「瓦氏赤羚」之相關資料。

    圖片參考:http://img504.imageshack.us/img504/7145/whyo.gif

    秋弓之瑟~大大︰

    圖片參考:http://img337.imageshack.us/img337/3867/2007022020...

    五告害!!

    圖片參考:http://img39.imageshack.us/img39/5097/200702181846...

    →中文維基滴介紹←

    圖片參考:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thum...

    圖片參考:http://img39.imageshack.us/img39/5097/200702181846...

    →英文維基滴介紹←

    圖片參考:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thum...

    圖片參考:http://img39.imageshack.us/img39/5097/200702181846...

    粉不幸滴,2009 IUCN 紅色名單上,牠以經被列為 Near Threatened (NT︰近於、瀕臨威脅)喇!!

    →IUCN Red List←

    圖片參考:http://img39.imageshack.us/img39/5097/200702181846...

    瓦氏赤羚原本分佈於非洲中南部滴稀樹草原、林地、草原,棲地破壞和人類過度非法狩獵,使牠漸漸漸漸漸.....

    圖片參考:http://img142.imageshack.us/img142/6677/groupofpuk...

    圖片參考:http://img231.imageshack.us/img231/8126/femalepuku...

    圖片參考:http://img505.imageshack.us/img505/8748/groupofpuk...

    圖片參考:http://img39.imageshack.us/img39/5097/200702181846...

    非洲中南部生存環境遭受破壞滴瓦氏赤羚只好流浪去也,目前擁有大規模群集滴只有︰「坦桑尼亞」和「贊比亞」兩個國家惹!!

    圖片參考:http://img505.imageshack.us/img505/4292/11037v1224...

    圖片參考:http://img505.imageshack.us/img505/6188/kvardoniim...

    圖片參考:http://img39.imageshack.us/img39/5097/200702181846...

    歷經240天滴妊娠期,小小瓦氏赤羚集中於1~4月滴雨季向這個世界報到,雨季厚重濃密滴植披有利於牠們躲避天敵。

    圖片參考:http://img505.imageshack.us/img505/469/adultfemale...

    圖片參考:http://img231.imageshack.us/img231/3378/pukunewlyb...

    圖片參考:http://img505.imageshack.us/img505/9614/youngmalep...

    圖片參考:http://img142.imageshack.us/img142/4596/femalepuku...

    圖片參考:http://img39.imageshack.us/img39/5097/200702181846...

    瓦氏赤羚一律都嘛穿著金黃外衣,眼周和唇部有不明顯滴灰白,分辨性別還是瞧角滴老招。圖一是一對夫妻檔,圖二、圖三不必解釋,又是雄滴要開戰咩!!

    圖片參考:http://img197.imageshack.us/img197/92/pairofpuku.j...

    圖片參考:http://img10.imageshack.us/img10/4516/pukumalesspa...

    圖片參考:http://img21.imageshack.us/img21/1427/malepukufigh...

    圖片參考:http://img39.imageshack.us/img39/5097/200702181846...

    馬麻哺乳育幼6個月,瓦氏赤羚大約12~14個月達到性成熟,平均壽命為17年。

    圖片參考:http://img21.imageshack.us/img21/3971/adultfemalep...

    圖片參考:http://img18.imageshack.us/img18/2170/youngpukusuc...

    圖片參考:http://img39.imageshack.us/img39/5097/200702181846...

    瓦氏赤羚幾乎完全只吃草捏,天敵們有︰獅子、豹、鬣狗等。這樣!!

    圖片參考:http://img142.imageshack.us/img142/1007/malepukugr...

    圖片參考:http://img142.imageshack.us/img142/2481/femalepuku...

    圖片參考:http://img10.imageshack.us/img10/7551/leoparddragg...

    原始圖片出處

    圖片參考:http://img209.imageshack.us/img209/6995/2007021722...

    參考看看↓↓↓↓↓↓

    圖片參考:http://img300.imageshack.us/img300/3523/2007021722...

    圖片參考:http://img111.imageshack.us/img111/6299/43099595.g...

    2009-08-07 11:52:20 補充:

    秋弓之瑟~大大:

    嘸對捏

    現在一瞧

    牠「以」經被列為

    牠「已」經被列為

    自罰三遍

    已經已經已經

    偶實在是有夠瞎

    對不起!!!!!!!

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  • k
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    瓦氏赤羚

    瓦氏赤羚(學名Kobus vardonii)是在剛果南部及贊比亞的濕草原上發現的羚羊。

    瓦氏赤羚站立時身高約80厘米,體重60-70公斤。牠全身呈沙啡色,下腹部呈淺啡色。雄性有著長約50厘米的羚角,形狀彷如豎琴。

    瓦氏赤羚生活在接近沼澤的草原上,以當中的草為食物。牠們是「曙暮性動物」,活躍於早上或接近黃昏時段。當處於驚慌時,會不斷的尖叫。約20頭雌性會聚集成族群,並且在雨季集合至50頭以上,以保安全。雄性會保護自己的疆界,以圖讓雌性族群留在這疆界內。

    水羚屬

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