asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

急*請教英文高手,用英文寫ICAO和IATA組織的歷史和內容

有誰可以轉成英文版的寫出來,麻煩英文高手幫忙一下

很急著要用,謝謝嚕

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國際民用航空的運輸涉及航機、客貨、航權、機場、法律、管轄權等

國際事務,所涉及的權利、義務、責任、或其它法律關係十分複雜。

就旅客而言,運送人、出發地、目的地、旅客、飛機上的服務人員,

均可能是不同的國籍,尤其涉及管轄權問題以及法律層面,可能不是

單純法理所能解決。就貨物而言,託運人、售貨人、收貨人、銀行、

保險公司、或是運送人可能部分是相同國籍,也可能不相同。就航空

器而言,航空器的國籍,運送人的國籍,航權的內容均不相同。就法

律的管轄權而言,常因上述國籍的不同而有不同,而各國法律對空運

管轄權又有不同的立法或解釋,常使國際空運的複雜性或不確定性昇

高。各國為謀民航事業的發達,國際運輸的便利,與人員生命財產的

保障,乃成立相關的國際民航組織

主要有:

(1) 國際民航組織(International Civil Aviation Organization - ICAO)

(2) 國際航空運輸協會(International Air Transportation Association - IATA)

(3) 其它各地區之民航相關組織。

(一)、國際民航組織 (ICAO)美國於 1944 年在芝加哥,依據國際民航臨時

協議之規定召開「國際民航會議」,簽定「國際民航公約」。並於 1945

年成立「國際民航組織」(ICAO),總部設在加拿大的蒙特婁(Montreal),

另外在曼谷、開羅、達喀爾、利馬、墨西哥城、內羅比、與巴黎分別設

立各洲或各地區之辦公室。

成立國際民航組織的宗旨及目的在 1944 年芝加哥公約第 44 條已明確列

出:國際民用航空組織的宗旨及目的,在於發展國際飛航的原則與技術

,並促進國際航空運輸的規劃和發展,以:

(1) 保證全世界國際民用航空能安全及有次序的發展

(2) 鼓勵為和平用途的航空器之設計與操作技術

(3) 鼓勵發展用於國際民用航空的航路、機場、與飛航設施

(4) 滿足全世界人民對安全、有效率、且經濟的航空運輸之需求

(5) 防止因不合理的競爭而造成經濟上的浪費

(6) 保證締約各國的權利充分受到尊重,每一個締約國均有經營國際航空

公司的公平機會

(7) 避免締約各國之間的差別待遇

(8) 促進國際航空之飛航安全

(9) 普遍促進國際民用航空在各方面的發展

(二)、國際航空運輸協會 (IATA)國際航空運輸協會於 1945 年 4 月在古巴

哈瓦那成立,共有兩個總部分設在加拿大的蒙特婁(Montreal)、與瑞士的

日內瓦(Geneva),四個地區辦公室分別設於阿曼、聖地亞哥、新加坡、與

哥倫比亞。協會因與國際民航組織及其他國際組織的密切協調與通力合作

,且設有定期航線的航空公司之國際聯營組織,因此全世界各航空公司透

過該協會與其他航空公司相互連結,形成一個世界性的強大運輸網,一般

簡稱為「國際航協」或「航協」。IATA 最高權力機構是會員大會,每年召

開一次。會員主要包括:

航空公司(Airlines)

旅行社(Travel Agencies)

貨運承攬業(Freight Forwarders)

航空事業供應商(Industry Suppliers)等。

大會下設有一個常設執行委員會,其執行長由會員航空公司選任,負責

全年的政策方向。另設四個委員會:運輸委員會、技術委員會、貨運委

員會、及財務委員會等,委員會成員由會員航空公司提名的專家組成。

IATA 的主要任務包括下列各項:

(1) 協議實施分段聯運空運,使一票通行全世界

(2) 協議訂定客貨運價,防止彼此惡性競爭、壟斷

(3) 協議訂定運輸規則與條件

(4) 協議制定運費之清算辦法

(5) 協議制定旅行社規則

(6) 協議訂定航空時間表

(7) 協議建立各項業務的作業程序。

Update:

謝謝你

1 Answer

Rating
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    International civil aviation transport aircraft, passengers and cargo, air traffic rights, airports, law, jurisdiction, etc.

    International affairs, involving the rights, duties, obligations, or other legal relationship is very complicated.

    On visitors, delivery people, origin, destination, passengers, aircraft service personnel,

    May be a different nationality, especially those which involve the issue of jurisdiction and legal level, may not be

    Can be solved purely legal. On the goods, the shipper, sales, consignees, banks,

    Insurance companies, or may be part of the delivery of the same nationality, it may not be the same. On air

    Device is concerned, the nationality of aircraft, delivery person's nationality, freedom rights are not the same as the content. On Law

    The jurisdiction of law is concerned, due to the above-mentioned different nationalities and different national laws on air

    Jurisdiction and different legislation or interpretation, often the complexity of international air transport or uncertainty or

    High. Countries to seek the development of civil aviation, international transport facilities, the lives and property and personnel

    Protection is related to the International Civil Aviation Organization set up

    .

    2009-08-02 12:21:54 補充:

    Are:

    (1) ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization - ICAO)

    (2) the International Air Transport Association (International Air Transportation Association - IATA)

    (3) other areas of civil aviation-related organizations.

    2009-08-02 12:22:23 補充:

    (A), International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in the United States in Chicago in 1944, according to the Provisional International Civil Aviation

    2009-08-02 12:22:47 補充:

    Agreement provides that the convening of "International Civil Aviation Conference," signed the "Convention on International Civil Aviation." And in 1945

    2009-08-02 12:22:59 補充:

    Was set up, "ICAO" (ICAO), headquartered in Montreal, Canada (Montreal),

    Also in Bangkok, Cairo, Dakar, Lima, Mexico City, Nairobi, and Paris, respectively

    Li continents or different regions of the office.

    2009-08-02 12:23:23 補充:

    The establishment of the purposes and objectives of ICAO in 1944 at the Chicago Convention, Article 44 has clearly shown

    Out: the purpose and objectives of the International Civil Aviation Organization, which is to develop the principles of international aviation and technology

    2009-08-02 12:28:54 補充:

    And the promotion of international air transport planning and development to:

    (1) to ensure that international civil aviation throughout the world a safe and orderly development of

    (2) to encourage peaceful uses of aircraft for the design and operation of technology

    2009-08-02 12:29:21 補充:

    (3) to encourage the development of international civil aviation routes, airports, and aviation facilities

    4) to meet people all over the world for safe, efficient and economic air transport demand

    2009-08-02 12:29:32 補充:

    (5) to prevent unfair competition caused by economic waste

    (6) the rights of States Parties to ensure full respect for, each State Party to have the operation of international air

    Companies a fair opportunity

    (7) between the States Parties to avoid differential treatment

    2009-08-02 12:29:43 補充:

    (8) to promote flight safety of international aviation

    (9) The general promotion of international civil aviation development in all aspects

    (B), the International Air Transport Association (IATA) International Air Transport Association in April 1945 in Cuba

    2009-08-02 12:30:04 補充:

    Havana, a total of two headquarters located in Montreal, Canada (Montreal), and Switzerland

    Geneva (Geneva), four regional offices are located in Oman, Santiago, Singapore, and

    2009-08-02 12:30:21 補充:

    Colombia. Association with the International Civil Aviation Organization and other international organizations in close coordination and cooperation

    , And there are regular international flights airline associations, so the airlines around the world through

    2009-08-02 12:30:37 補充:

    The association had another link with other airlines to form a powerful global transport network, the general

    Referred to as "IATA" or "Air Society." IATA is the highest authority of the General Assembly, the annual response

    Once. Members include:

    Airlines (Airlines)

    2009-08-02 12:30:48 補充:

    Travel (Travel Agencies)

    Freight Forwarders (Freight Forwarders)

    Aviation industry suppliers (Industry Suppliers) and so on.

    Under the General Assembly has a standing Executive Committee, and its chief executive officer elected by the members of the airline is responsible for

    2009-08-02 12:31:09 補充:

    The policy direction of the whole year. The other four Committee: Transport Committee, Technical Committee, freight Committee

    Members of Council and the Finance Committee and other members of the Committee nominated by the member airlines of the experts.

    2009-08-02 12:31:16 補充:

    IATA's main tasks include the following:

    (1) air transport agreements be implemented in phases so that the world-one-vote passage

    (2) passenger and freight tariffs agreed to prevent vicious competition with each other, a monopoly

    (3) the agreement set out the rules and conditions of transport

    2009-08-02 12:31:26 補充:

    (4) agreement on the liquidation approach to the development of freight

    (5) agreement to develop travel rules

    (6) The agreement set a timetable for aviation

    (7) agreement to establish the operating procedures of the business

    2009-08-02 19:26:06 補充:

    希望有幫到你!!

    2009-08-03 13:21:00 補充:

    要選我喔!!

    Source(s): , 好累
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