Casues of the Civil War Please Answer?
Can someone explain how al these caused the Civil War.?
1. Discuss the Mexican American War.
2. Describe the Compromise of 1850.
3. Discuss Harriet Beecher Stowe and Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
4. Discuss the Kansas-Nebraska Act and Bleeding Kansas.
5. Discuss the Dred Scott decision.
6. Discuss Harper’s Ferry.
7. Discuss the election of 1860.
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Wow, that's a lot. I'll give it a try since the guy with the shoes seems to have put his foot in it
The war with Mexico from 1846-1847 added new territory to the United States, and with the expansion of cotton agriculture, and the growing population of the nation in general, the status of the new states, relative to slavery, was a major political issue. The former Spanish territories of the Californias and New Mexico, included the present states of Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and California. California had gold discovered near the Sacramento valley in January 1848, and a wave of new emigrants began moving toward the area in the months after the news got out. With the sudden increase of people in the territory, California reached its 60,000 population in less than 2 years, and petitioned for statehood. The compromise worked out, allowing California into the Union as a free state, also established the border between New Mexico and Texas, New Mexico would permit slavery in its areas, which included Arizona at that time, Nevada and Utah would leave the matter up to the voters in the area at the time of the election to select the territorial legislatures. In addition, a law would be enacted making it a federal felony to interfere with any officer or agent sent to recapture a fugitive slave and return them to their owners, a stronger measure than had been in place since the first Adams administration. A measure, which congressman Lincoln claimed to have voted for 50 times, was the abolition of the slave markets in the District of Columbia, provided Maryland gave their prior consent. This group of laws was known as the Compromise of 1850. The principle tensions caused by the compromise were related to the Fugitive Slave law, though leaving the voters of Nevada and Utah to decide on their slave or free status, would set a precedent that would create greater tensions in 1854, with the Kansas Nebraska Bill. In Kansas, this created a rush to 'stuff' the ballot boxes, by bringing in abolitionist voters on the one side, and those who supported slavery on the other. This conflict, between Missourians on one side, and abolitionists on the other, was known as Bleeding Kansas. In one incident, John Brown and several of his sons killed several pro slavery men at Potawattamie Creek. In another, the abolitionist town of Lawrence was destroyed. John Brown would appear again later, in Harper's Ferry Virginia, where he and several followers raided the Federal Arsenal, killed George Washington's great grandnephew, and Brown claimed to be acting in accordance with the will of God, in hoping to arm slaves to rise up in revolt. He was hanged in Virginia in December of 1859, for "inciting servile insurrection".
Mrs. Stowe's book was very moving, and the enactments of the play have been going on by small theater groups since it first appeared in 1852. Queen Victoria, whose nation had been seizing slave ships and destroying their "factories" since 1807, reportedly wept after reading the book.
Dred Scott was a test case. The full name for it is Dred Scott v. Sandford. Sandford was a man who had inherited Scott and his wife, from an Army officer who was once stationed at Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis Missouri, a slave state. When this officer was transferred upriver to Ft. Armstrong, in Illinois, Scott and his family were in free territory. When Sandford inherited the couple, he and Scott decided to have Scott sue Sandford for his freedom, since he had once been on free soil, and thus was now a free man. The same would also apply to his wife. The Supreme court, a 7 member body at the time, voted 5-2 that Scott had no right to sue, since there had never been a legal precedent that allowed a slave to sue his master, and this went clear back to the framers of the Constitution. Chief Justice Taney, argued that since this indicated the intent of the framers to prevent this, the Scotts didn't have the right to sue. Four other justices also wrote opinions, agreeing with the Chief Justice. Two argued against the decision, claiming that several states, including Massachusetts, had seen successful suits against slaveowners by slaves for their freedom before the Constitution was framed.
The election of 1860, saw the second Republican campaign for President. In 1856, before Dred Scott, John Charles Fremont had been defeated by James Buchanan. The Republican convention at Chicago, put forward a platform that was more modest than the Fremont campaign, and vowed to prevent the extension of slavery into the territories. In this election, there were three candidates who were all born in Kentucky. The Republican Abraham Lincoln, The Southern Democrat John Breckinridge, and the Constitutional Union Candidate John Bell. The Northern Democrats put forward Stephen Douglas, a Chicagoan. The Democratic voters were largely split between the two branches of the Democratic party, and the Constitutional Union candidate, and Lincoln received
- Anonymous4 years ago
i'm in elementary terms in 8th grade yet i will attempt to do the terrific i will. The Civil conflict is so significant because of the fact greater human beings died in the conflict than the different conflict. If the South had gained, usa does no longer have been a similar. There may be usa and the Confederacy. It exchange into approximately besides the fact that if to abolish slavery or no longer. The South additionally believed that they've been struggling with for his or her indepedence. yet, the South had few factories, railroads, and a small inhabitants. The North had to triumph over a extensive section and did no longer know lots of the accomplice terrain. Abraham Lincoln exchange into president at that element. The Union had to blockade southern ports, grab Richmond, and have administration of the Mississippi river. The Confederacy had to combat till the Union have been given uninterested in struggling with and gave up. Then Lincoln made the Emancipation Proclamation, liberating all slaves living in the Confederacy. After that, blacks began to combat and help out in the conflict. I squaddies lifestyles exchange into incredibally puzzling. The conflict ended whilst the Union seized administration of the Mississippi and gained some greater battles. After the Union gained, the South had lost their war for independence and Union armies had destroyed lots of their land. The Union exchange into now shield, the federal government's capability grew, and slaves have been now loose.
- 6 years ago
Multiple issues coming down to the ultimate issue of The Right of States to Govern Themselves. This almost happened twice in American History. Shortly after the adoption of the Articles of Confederation where Southern Representatives felt the south wasn't being represented properly. Again when South Carolina left the Union for two months and President Andrew Jackson sent troops south to bring South Carolina back into the Union. Civil War was always on the back burner in the early history of this country and all it needed was the slavery issue to light the match to fuel the fire.
- studentofthepastLv 51 decade ago
Here is an article to get you started.