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Anonymous asked in 商業與財經其他:商業與股市 · 1 decade ago

經濟學問題~請經濟學達人幫幫忙

只需要答案即可 ~不用詳解 謝謝

1.當消費者達到其最適均衡時:(A)每一物品的邊際效用均相等 (B)花費最後一元於每一物品所獲之邊際效用均相等 (C)每一物品的邊際效用均等於0 (D)每一物品的總效用均相等且是最大。

2.在競爭市場中,消費所願意支付的需求價格與實際所支付的價格之間的差額,謂之:(A)利潤 (B)利息 (C)消費者剩餘 (D)差額地租。

3.達到消費者均衡時:(A)每一財貨的邊際效率,對其價格之比率,視財貨的性質之不同而不等 (B)每一財貨的邊際效用,對其價格之比率,在各種財貨間均為無限大 (C)其所花於每一財貨的最後一元,所收回的邊際效用,在各財貨間,均為無限大 (D)其所花於每一財貨的最後一元,所收回的邊際效用,在各財貨間形成遞增的型態 (E)每一財貨的邊際效用,對其價格的比率,均等於貨幣本身的邊際效用。

4.Which of the following best expresses the law of diminishing marginal utility?

(A)The more a person consumes of a product, the smaller becomes the utility which he receives from its consumption

(B)The more a person consumes of a product, the smaller becomes the utility which he receives as a result of consuming an additional unit of the product

(C)The less a person consumes of a product, the smaller becomes the utility which he receives from his consumption

(D)The less a person consumes of a product, the smaller becomes the utility which he receives as a result of consuming an additional unit of the product.

5.Which of the following is not an essential assumption of the marginal utility theory of consumer behavior?

(A)the consumer has a small income

(B)the consumer is rational

(C)goods and services are not free

(D)goods and services yield decreasing amounts of marginal utility as the consumer buys more of them.

6.If you are buying peanuts and pipe tobacco and have a limited budget , you will try to ?

(A)Maximize the satisfaction you receive from each good you buy

(B)Maximize the satisfaction you receive per dollar spent on each good

(C)Maximize the marginal utility from each good

(D)Equalize the marginal utility per extra per dollar spent on each good .

7.If the MU of the last unit of X consumed is twice the MU of the last unit of Y consumed, the consumer is in equilibrium only if (A) the price of X is twice of price Y (B) the price of X is equal to the price Y (C) the price pf X is one half of the price of your (D)any of the above is possible

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    先回答中文部份,英文就...

    1.當消費者達到其最適均衡時:(A)每一物品的邊際效用均相等 (B)花費最後一元於每一物品所獲之邊際效用均相等 (C)每一物品的邊際效用均等於0 (D)每一物品的總效用均相等且是最大。

    答:B(這是消費均衡定理)

    2.在競爭市場中,消費所願意支付的需求價格與實際所支付的價格之間的差額,謂之:(A)利潤 (B)利息 (C)消費者剩餘 (D)差額地租。

    答:C(這是消費利餘定義)

    3.達到消費者均衡時:(A)每一財貨的邊際效率,對其價格之比率,視財貨的性質之不同而不等 (B)每一財貨的邊際效用,對其價格之比率,在各種財貨間均為無限大 (C)其所花於每一財貨的最後一元,所收回的邊際效用,在各財貨間,均為無限大 (D)其所花於每一財貨的最後一元,所收回的邊際效用,在各財貨間形成遞增的型態 (E)每一財貨的邊際效用,對其價格的比率,均等於貨幣本身的邊際效用。

    答:E(這是消費均衡定理MUx/Px=MUy/Py=M)

    2009-07-27 18:50:16 補充:

    4.Which of the following best expresses the law of diminishing marginal utility?

    下例何者最能解釋需求邊際效用法則

    (B)The more a person consumes of a product, the smaller becomes the utility which he receives as a result of consuming an additional unit of the product

    消費者每多消費一單位財貨而獲得的效用,將因消費財貨單位的增加,最後一定會呈現遞減的結果!

    答:B

    2009-07-27 19:09:23 補充:

    5.Which of the following is not an essential assumption of the marginal utility theory of consumer behavior?

    下列何者並非消費行為的邊際效用理論的基本假設?

    (A)the consumer has a small income

    消費者有一些所得

    (B)消費者是理性的

    (C)財貨和勞務非免費的

    (D)財貨和勞務隨著消費者花費量愈多而邊際效用遞減!

    答:A

    2009-07-27 19:24:37 補充:

    6.If you are buying peanuts and pipe tobacco and have a limited budget , you will try to ?

    假如你有有限的預算要買花生和菸草,你將如何買?

    (D)Equalize the marginal utility per extra per dollar spent on each good

    答:D使花費在各種財貨上的每一額外圓邊際效用都相等

    2009-07-27 19:31:58 補充:

    7.If the MU of the last unit of X consumed is twice the MU of the last unit of Y consumed, the consumer is in equilibrium only if

    假如消費最後一單位X的邊際效用是消費最後一單位Y的邊際效用的兩倍,若消費是均衡的則

    (A) the price of X is twice of price Y

    X價格是Y的兩倍

    答:A(MUx/Px=MUy/Py ==>2MUy/Px=MUy/Py==>Px=2Py)

    2009-07-27 20:29:27 補充:

    4.Which of the following best expresses the law of diminishing marginal utility?

    下例何者最能解釋"邊際效用遞減"法則

    Source(s): ME
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