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Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

punch 等字彙之介系詞

學校的講義寫

1. (hit pat tap punch slap kiss) + N + on the 身體部位

2. (kick look at punch) + N +in the 身體部位

3. (grab seize) + N + by the 身體部位

on 、 in 、 by 要怎麼分

介系詞之不同是因為「動詞」之不同 ? 還是 身體部位 不同?

那punch 後面可接兩種介詞 為什麼?

punch + N + in the 身體部位

punch +N + on the 身體部位

1 Answer

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    cut, hit, pat, punch 和 strike 等動詞 + someone (身體部位的所有人) + in/on + the + 身體部位

    至於身體部位前的介系詞要使用 in 還是 on 的問題,我們提供一個粗略的規則給大家做為判斷之用。

    一般而言,堅硬、突出的部位通常使用 on

    如 on the back/head/should/nose

    而柔軟、凹陷的部位則使用 in

    如 in the eye/face/chest/stomach。在舉例說明之前,我們必須指出,"chest" 一般都是用 "in the chest"而非問題中的 "on the chest"

    ‧If you give me $50, you can kick me 【in the stomach】.

    ‧Last night, a guy grabbed a bat and beat me 【in the face】.

    ‧He punched the man 【on the nose】.

     The woman walked up to him and slapped him 【in the face】.

    = The woman walked up to him and slapped his face.

    (這位婦女走上前去打了他一記耳光)

    ‧You shouldn't criticize your husband so much. Why don't you

    pat him 【on the back】 occasionally?

    (你不該老是責備你先生,何不偶爾也誇獎他一下呢?)

    句中的 "pat someone on the back"是個成語,意為「讚揚,誇 獎 」。

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