In response to the increasingly vocal demands of both the Hitler and representatives of the Sudeten German population, British prime minister Neville Chamberlain and his French counterpart, Édouard Daladier, met separately with Hitler in mid-September 1938. As a result of these meetings and Hitler's aggressive posturing, both the French and British agreed to hand the Sudetenland to Germany (note that the Czech government was not even consulted in this; it was merely informed of the agreement after the fact). However, Hitler then went further and demanded not only annexation but immediate German military occupation of the territory (the intention being that the Czech military would not have time to organise defensive positions along the new border before Hitler had the opportunity forecfully take control of the rest of Czechoslovakia). The British and French again gave in to Hitler at the Munich Conference of 29 September, and the Munich Agreement – the most infamous symbol of the disasterous policy of appeasing Hitler – was signed that night as a result. German forces moved to occupy the Sudetenland at the beginning of October.
On his return from Munich, Chamberlain would declare that the Munich Agreement represented 'peace for our time'. However, within just 6 months German troops would have marched into the rest of Czechoslovakia, dismembering the country and apportioning its territory to the Reich, Hungary and even Poland. Abandoned by Britain and France, the Czechs had little choice but to accept this process; it is ironic that the efforts of the appeasers to quell Hitler's megalomania would serve only to encourage him.