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Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

下列英文文法正解

1.It happened ten years ago,---------------------,in 1993.

(a)what is (b)who is (c)that is (d)when is

2.We had our photo-----------------------in the sattion.

(a)took (b)taken (c)take (d)has taken

3.If---------------not raining today,we------------------play golf.

(a)it was,were(b)it has,were (c)it has been,would(d)it were, would

4.The common ways to avoid SARS are to wear a mask,to avoid crowded places,and-----------------------

(a)Taking vitamins (b)To take vitamins (c)Take vitamins

5.Somebody -------------to take responsibility for the latest outbreak.

(a)has (b)have (c)will (d)can

請解釋一下文法

謝謝囉!

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    第一題應該是 C. that is = namely 意思是 "...那就是...",

    2009-06-21 12:54:00 補充:

    1. 正解: (c)

    that is = namely; 意思是 "那就是" , 使用時前後需要逗號以作為插入語. 這句的題意: 它發生在十年前, 也就是, 在1993年時。

    2.正解: (b)

    因為使役動詞 have /make 接受詞,後面的動詞變化分別為:

    have/make + 人 + 原形V

    have/make + 物 + p.p. (過去分詞; 表被動)

    3. 正解: (d)

    因為題目中有 today, 表示動作已經發生,

    所以這裡要用假設法過去式,句型如下:

    If ... were/過去V...., .....should/would/could/might + 原形動詞 (被動則 be + p.p.)

    4. 正解: (b)

    這是寫作時要注意的 "平行結構" (parallelism):句中所列舉的項目,其形式必須相同,如果都是名詞則都必須為名詞,如果為不定詞則全部以不定詞形式呈現。因為前面都是 to wear.., to avoid 所以第三個也必須為 to take..., 如果選擇 Taking則違反平行結構的原則。

    5. 正解: (a)

    因為 somebody 的動詞必須使用單數第三人稱, 至於 (c) (d) 後面則不能有 to V 。

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  • 1 decade ago

    1.It happened ten years ago,---------------------,in 1993.

    (a)what is (b)who is (c)that is (d)when is

    這題採用刪去法,(c)that is 不可能,因為前面有逗號不可以用(b)who is也不可能,who前面並沒有接任何人

    剩下(A)和(D)我選(A)what在這是指發生事情的虛主詞It

    2.We had our photo-----------------------in the sattion.

    (a)took (b)taken (c)take (d)has taken

    這題也用刪去法(a)(d)完全不可能,因為會導致一個句子有兩個動詞,剩(B)(C),我選(B)

    3.If---------------not raining today,we------------------play golf.

    (a)it was,were(b)it has,were (c)it has been,would(d)it were, would

    (D)假設語氣句型為 If+S+V, S+would/will+原型V

    4.The common ways to avoid SARS are to wear a mask,to avoid crowded places,and-----------------------

    (a)Taking vitamins (b)To take vitamins (c)Take vitamins

    (A)注意avoid這題有陷阱,因為後面接的是名詞,若遇到動詞需改為動名詞Ving。 avoid後要接Ving/N

    5.Somebody -------------to take responsibility for the latest outbreak.

    (a)has (b)have (c)will (d)can

    (A)-body 後接單數動詞,而這裡為has to是必須的意思

    希望有幫到你

    Source(s): 自己
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  • 1 decade ago

    安!  

    1.It發生了十年前,---------------------在1993年。 (a)什麼是(b)是的誰是(c) (d),當是 2.We有我們的照片-----------------------在sattion。 (a)採取了(b)被採取的(c)作為(d)採取了 3.If---------------不下雨今天,我們------------------戲劇高爾夫球。 (a)它是,是(b)它有,是(c)它是,會(d)它是,會 4.The共同的方式避免SARS將戴着面具,避免擁擠地方,和----------------------- (a)採取維生素(b)採取維生素(c)採取維生素 5.Somebody -------------承担最新的爆發的责任。 (a)有(b)有(c)將(d)能

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