好奇就問 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

U53、英文句中的 I'd 是 I would的縮寫嗎?

53.2

10. "Do you want to go now ?" "No, I'd prefer to wait a few minutes."

我的問題是這樣的,上面的對話中, "Do you want to go now ?"你想走了嗎?,回答的人說"No, I'd prefer to wait a few minutes."

這一題的答案我原本是寫 waiting ,因為我認為在這兩個人對話的同時間,不正在waiting嗎?那為何答案卻是用不定詞 to wait ?

4 Answers

Rating
  • ?
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    10. "Do you want to go now ?" "No, I'd prefer to wait a few minutes."

    請參照以下定義:

    * prefer- you can use prefer to V, prefer Ving or prefer sth when you prefer in general.

    一般來說,你偏好什麼

    *would prefer-We use would prefer to say what sb wants in a particular situation(not in general)

    有限的選擇下,你寧可選擇哪件事

    舉例:

    I prefer to travel by train.

    我偏好搭火車旅行.

    I would prefer to stay home rather than go to the movies.

    待在家和看電影兩件事讓我選,我寧可選擇待在家.

    (Cambridge University Press/ Grammar In Use/ Intermediate U56)

    這一題的答案我原本是寫 waiting ,因為我認為在這兩個人對話的同時間,不正在waiting嗎?那為何答案卻是用不定詞 to wait ?-->不對

    這題重點要看would prefer

    如同另一題幫您整理的公式, prefer, would prefer有他的特定用法,就像mind, enjoy後面要加Ving一樣,需跟著這些動詞的特性走.

    另外, I'd除了有可能是I would的縮寫,也有可能是I had的縮寫.

    I had predicted it would happen before it did occur.

    = I'd predicted it would happen before it did happen.

    在它實際發生之前,我就已經預測到它會發生.

    You had better hurry up, or you will miss the train.

    = You'd better hurry up, or you will miss the train.

    最好快一點, 要不然會錯過要搭的那班火車.

    圖片參考:http://l.yimg.com/f/i/tw/ugc/rte/smiley_8.gif

    以上,供您參考!

    Source(s): above 15 years teaching experience
  • 1 decade ago

    Hello,

    • would like = ‘d like﹙想要﹚

    • would prefer = ‘d prefer﹙希望﹚

    • would rather = ‘d rather﹙寧願﹚

    以上是比較正式/內斂的方式表達 want,可用於任何目前或未來的願望/偏好。所以你可用 want 取代 would prefer:I would prefer to wait a few minutes. = I want to wait a few minutes.

    句型看起來是不是就簡單多了呢?

    因為是這裡是現在簡單式,所以 would 在這裏不是 will 的過去式,而是動詞片語 would prefer 中的輔助詞,prefer 是動詞。would prefer 後面加名詞或不定詞,也有一些動詞片語後面是加動名詞,如:feel like Ving、look forward to Ving、be interested in Ving。

    希望這樣有清楚,有問題再提出討論吧。

  • 1 decade ago

    通常 I'd = I would

    would 是 will 的惟婉語氣

    那 would 有很多用法 ,在你的問題中 是比較符合這種用法

    would like to + 原V = want to (想.......)

    would是助動詞 用法類似 can , could

    套一句我以前英文老師的話 "助動詞是照妖鏡 後面接原型"

    看多了 就自然而然就會啦

    Source(s): 自己
  • Li Jie
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    這跟 "兩人正在對話" 沒有關稀喔

    回答的人表示 :我 "想再等" 一下下

    而且prefer+Ving 是 "喜歡..." 的意思

    I'd=I would , 有時 = I had , 句子看久了就知道是哪一個了

    加油~~~~

    Source(s):
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.