piggy asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請問後面的arriving,為什麼要加ing?

The swine was delivered late in the evening, arriving in one of

Taiwan's famous truck.

5 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    雖然判斷正確,但分詞構句為獨立子句 (即含 主詞+動詞 ),並不能當形容詞或補語用喔,別憑記憶,仔細查查文法書上的說法吧。

    2009-06-11 16:07:27 補充:

    ★★『Participial Construction』分詞構句★★

    沒錯,這是分詞構句!但關鍵有二個:1) 前後子句共用主詞 2) 中間的從屬連接詞不見了!!

    The swine was delivered late in the evening, arriving in one of Taiwan's famous truck.

    還原後

    = The swine was deliverd late in the evening, and it arrived in one of Taiwan's famous truck.

    1) 前後主詞相同: The swine 與 it。

    2) 從屬連接詞: and 表連續或附帶狀態,運送(deliver)與抵達(arrive)為動作連續狀態。

    3) arrived --> arriving,不管原時態為何,將主動詞改為現在分詞(V-ing)

    *****************************************************************

    分詞構句形成方法如下: After I had done my work, I went out for a walk.

    (1) 去掉連接詞 --- After I had done my work, I went out for a walk.

    (2) 去掉副詞子句的主詞 --- I had done my work, I went out for a walk.

    (3) 動詞改為分詞 --- Having done my work, I went out for a walk.

    《5種從屬連接詞》

    《表時間-time》

    Walking along the street, he saw a bar. = When he was walking along the street,…

    在街上散步時,他看到了一間酒吧。

    《表原因-reason》

    Being caught in the rain, he got a cold. = Because he was caught in the rain,….

    因為被雨淋了,所以他感冒了。

    《表條件-condition》

    Following this road, you will find the bus stop. = If you follow this road, ….

    沿著這條路往前走,你會找到車站的。

    《表讓步-concession》

    Granting that he was drunk, I won't excuse his conduct. = Even if I grant that he was drunk,….

    即使我認同他是喝醉了,也不會原諒他的行為。

    《表附帶情況,與主要動詞同時發出的另外動作。- attendant circumstances》

    She called out to the man on the street, asking for help.

    = She called out to the man on the street, and she asked for help.

    她對街上的人喊叫,請求幫助。

    另外還有《獨立分詞構句》因內容太長,詳細內容請參閱個人部落格:

    ★★英文考試得「分」之鑰 ─ Participle(分詞)★★

    Source(s): The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language
  • 1 decade ago

    哇咧…突然間覺得英文離我好遠好遠…分詞構句,這是什麼>"<

    我只知道ARRIVING前面有,表示連接詞,因為前句為過去完成式,所以抵達為動詞不能表現為過去所以更改為動名詞+ING…

  • 1 decade ago

    這是分詞構句的用法 (arriving in one of Taiwan's famous truck. )

    若將後面的分詞子句擺到前面去就比較容易了解

    Arriving in one of Taiwan's famous truck , the swine was delivered late in the evening.

    在此Arriving in one of Taiwan's famous truck是分詞子句,用來形容The swine

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    這是一種分詞構句用法,整句當形容詞修飾主詞 swine,亦可寫成如下:

    (while the swine arrived )或〈arriving〉 in one of Taiwan's famous truck,The swine was delivered late in the evening.*****

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  • 1 decade ago

    年紀大了很多事記不清了 這應該是補語的用法吧

    當前面的句子已經完結  但是還有一些事情想補充說明 又懶得說that 或是 which的時候用

    因為不確定 所以放在意見 請自行判斷

    2009-06-11 13:24:03 補充:

    至於為什麼不用to arrive,因為to+V一般有[計畫實行、 要去做、 或將去做]的意思 而這裡並沒有--不負責英語講座 請自行驗證

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