What are the causes of the holocaust?
- HatikvahLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
Book Review: “Holocaust's Bystanders” by Steven Welch
Friedlander paints a damning portrait of the conduct of the bystanders. Passivity and indifference predominated, but in many cases the Nazis could count on the active support of non-German authorities and their security forces in facilitating the annihilation process.
As he points out, "NOT ONE social group, NOT ONE religious community, NOT ONE scholarly institution or professional association in Germany and throughout Europe declared its solidarity with the Jews".
Friedlander is especially critical of the failure of the Christian churches, Catholic, Protestant and Orthodox, to respond to the onslaught against the Jews. He identifies the virulent anti-Judaism cultivated by Christianity over centuries as a major contributor to the anti-Semitic culture that, he argues, took hold in Germany under Nazism but also flourished in the rest of Europe as well.
The fact that Christian churches shared with Nazism anti-communist, anti-liberal and anti-materialist views rendered the churches incapable of coming to the defense of the Jewish population.
Pope Pius XII comes in for heavy criticism for his "selective appeasement" of the Nazis. While the Pope sought in some cases to raise objections to Nazi measures, his concern did not extend to the mass murder perpetrated against the Jews. The Pope's silence stands as a disturbing example of the broader moral failure of the European and American spiritual and intellectual elites in the face of the Holocaust.
In 1963 Rabbi Joachim Prinz, the head of the American Jewish Congress, declared, “When I was the rabbi of the Jewish community in Berlin under the Hitler regime, I learned many things. “The most important thing I learned … is that bigotry and hatred are not the most urgent problem. The most urgent, the most disgraceful, the most shameful and the most tragic problem is SILENCE!”
In the judgment of Konrad Adenuaer, first chancellor of the Federal Republic, writing in 1946: “The German people permitted itself to be nazified without offering resistance-yes, even with enthusiasm. Therein lies its guilt.”
The Vatican failed to support the mainly Catholic Center Party in Germany, a potential rock of democratic principle amid the sea of fascism, which had been such a force against Bismarck’s Kulturkampf? The Vatican’s then-Secretary of State Eugenio Pacelli, later Pius XII, never approved of democratic groupings independent of the Holy See, and was content to see the Center Party dissolved.
"The United States not only insisted upon its immigration law throughout the Nazi era, but administered it with severity and callousness. In spite of unprecedented circumstances, the law was constricted so that even its narrow quotas were not met. The lamp remained lifted beside the golden door, but the flame had been extinguished and the door was padlocked."
Anti-Semitism found in the NT:
“All that is necessary for the triumph of evil
is that good people do nothing.”
British statesman Edmund Burke
“Indifference in the face of evil is complicity with evil.”
“To do no wrong is the first step to doing right!”
“In a place where no one is human, strive to be human yourself.” Hillel
“Few are Guilty, but all are responsible.”
Abraham Joshua Heschel
- BlackacreLv 71 decade ago
Centuries of scapegoating by Christians. Jews in Europe had been subjected to pogroms for centuries prior to the Holocaust, and forgeries, like the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, helped convince European Christians that Jews were part of some international conspiracy. In realistic terms, though, the primary cause was the need for Germany to have a unified "bogyman" to blame for a variety of issues, including the loss of WWI and the heavy penalties imposed under the Versailles Treaty. The Nazis were able to focus public discontent upon a common cause. Additionally, Hitler wanted lebensraum, and that mandated forced removal of Jews from certain areas. The Holocaust was a last effort on the Nazis' part.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Spiritually, World War 2 and the holocaust were needed to allow for Israel to become a nation again. This happened in 1948. The Bible predicted that Israel would be a nation again before the world ends and it has happened.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
World War 1
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- limetangLv 51 decade ago
Hitler had hated jews from the beggining of his life, he basically thought like many racists do that it was someone else stealing all the 'true Germans' jobs, he got into power and saw an oppertunity to use his hatred of the jews as a scapegoat for economic problems and it ran out of control from there.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Germany was in very bad shape after WWI. Everyone was pretty much living in poverty. Hitler basically rose up and convinced that whole country that the Jewish people were to blame for Germany being in such a depression. I think his main motive was to kill off everyone who wasn't blonde haired, blue eyed, and perfect (even though he himself had brown hair and brown eyes, he considered this the "Master Race" which is just ridiculous). I think most the country was susceptible to believing him because they had fallen on such hard times. So they began their disgusting concentration/prison camps and the mass murder of over 6 million people.Source(s): I personally can't imagine being poor, blaming it on a group of people, and then torturing them, however. I think it's inconceivable and there are no excuses for it.
- A FriendLv 51 decade ago
The Darwinian worldview held by Hitler and many of the elite class.
This view is responsible for allowing eugenics and extermination.
Darwin himself suggested we were foolish in helping the "less than perfect" people of society survive through social programs since it would "taint" the gene pool. Hitler and others( He was not alone in this thinking) felt they could improve mankind by artificial selection, ie exterminate all deemed unfit. This worldview is unequivocally rooted in the evolutionary paradigm which was brought to the forefront by Darwin.
Darwin is not responsible; his theory is.
- IshtarLv 71 decade ago
Anti-Semitism, World War I, German Scapegoating of a people to "explain" their economic difficulties.
- AbrielLv 51 decade ago
Hitler was looking for a scapegoat to blame all of Germany's problems at the time on and he chose the Jews as well as Gypsies, homosexuals, and whoever else he felt wouldn't do for his master race plan.
- 1 decade ago
A zealous minority seizing power by playing on people fears and predjudice of a minority. Hitler seized power during a time of economic distress by playing on the common, but incorrect, perception, that the jews "owned everything" and were "out to take over".
Beware of zealots telling you that Mexicans are coming here to go on welfare and take all our jobs. If that sounds like a contradiction, you are probably not one of the ones falling for it.