Who "invented" school?
wow I really expected more out of a history section
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
The Byazntines, if you are asking about structured schooling. Wikipedia has more detail below.
The concept of grouping students together in a centralized location runs parallel to the development of unified, modern cultural identity.
Schools have existed as far back as Greek times if not earlier. The Byzantines were the first to establish a schooling system at a primary level. According to Traditions and Encounters, the founding of the primary education system began in 425 A.D. and "...military personnel usually had at least a primary education...". Byzantium education system continued until its collapse in 1453 AD.
Islam was another culture to develop a schooling system in the modern sense of the word, largely brought about by conquests of Greek, Roman and Persian cultures, revealing a wealth of knowledge. A lot of emphasis was put on knowledge and therefore a systematic way of teaching and spreading knowledge was developed in purpose built structures. At first, mosques combined both religious performance and learning activities, but by the tenth century, however, the Seljuks introduced the first school, or Madrassa as it was called in Arabic, a proper school built independently from the mosque. They were also the first to make the school or Madrassa system a public domain under the control of the caliph. The Nizamiyya madrasa is considered by consensus of scholars to be the earliest surviving school, built towards 1066 CE by Emir Nizam Al-Mulk.
Under the Ottomans, learning was given a new dimension as towns of Bursa and Edirne took over as the main centres of learning respectively. The Ottoman system of Kulliye, a building complex containing a mosque, a hospital, madrassa, and public kitchen and dining areas, revolutionized the education system, making learning accessible to a wider public through its free meals, health care and sometimes free accommodation.
The nineteenth century historian, Scott holds that a remarkable correspondence exists between the procedure established by those institutions and the methods of the present day. They had their collegiate courses, their prizes for proficiency in scholarship, their oratorical and poetical contests, their commencements and their degrees. In the department of medicine, a severe and prolonged examination, conducted by the most eminent physicians of the capital, was exacted of all candidates desirous of practicing their profession, and such as were unable to stand the test were formally pronounced incompetent.
The law student was interested in an authorization, called ijaza; covering a field of knowledge, that of law, as well as in a license to teach it and issue legal opinions, called ijazat al-tadris wa 'l-fatwa, which he obtained from one master-juris consult.
The word Baccalaurea in French or International Baccalaureate in English was derived from Arabic Bihaqqi Al-Riwayah, the first known written warrant to be given from a teacher to his student.
However, education in Islamic culture was conservative; consequently, fewer militay technologies were adopted or invented by the Ottomans and after the 17th century, the Ottoman empire grew increasingly weak as a modernized Europe, pushed by the renaisance advanced in the sciences, leading to great advances in chemistry in Russia by Dimitri Mendeleev and the implementation of Electricity by Michael Faraday and Nikola Tesla.
In Europe during the Middle Ages and much of the Early Modern period, the main purpose of schools (as opposed to universities) was to teach the Latin language. This led to the term grammar school which in the United States is used informally to refer to a primary school but in the United Kingdom means a school that selects entrants on their ability or aptitude. Following this, the school curriculum has gradually broadened to include literacy in the vernacular language as well as technical, artistic, scientific and practical subjects.
The one-room schoolhouse is an icon of 19th century rural life in the United States.
Many secondary and college level schools have have different classes for each course. These may be called a class period. A period may vary in time, but is usually 60 minutes longSource(s): http://unasked.com/question/view/id/5118 You didn't read this answer the first time, I guess you may not the second. http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=200808...
- laquayLv 44 years ago
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- mariner31Lv 71 decade ago
The first Cave-Mother.. who pushed her toddling son outside because he was a pest, and told his father to keep an eye on him and teach him something useful.
Seriously... schools have been in existance as long as recorded History !!
- 1 decade ago
School was invented by a PARENT (scary music). He wasn't very educated and he wanted his kids to be smarter than him and more successful. Thus, school was born!Source(s): A Library book
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- Anonymous1 decade ago
Horace Mann,....That Jack *** Started public schooling.
- Garfield 101Lv 71 decade ago
It started with the caveman
who painted on the cave wall.
They didn't sign their name,
because they didn't have an "alphabet." <}:-})
- 1 decade ago
whoever did i will go bless them, then demolish their grave
bless: friends whoohoo
demolish: everything else
- 1 decade ago
when i find out ill demolish his grave
- YO SOY LA REiNALv 51 decade ago
I have no idea but when I find them I'm going to beat the shxt out of them! lol