小凱 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

what 這邊怎麼用

我常看到what在某些句子中 看不懂它的用法

1.

what was fashionable one summer may be embarrassingly wrong next.

2.

fashion designers decide what colors we will wear and when we will wear them.

3.

it is difficult to know exactly what sets the new trends .

4.

fashion trends are reactions to what has been before.

5.

transforming their understanding of what is fashionable into clothes

that we wear.

以上5句的what 是關代嗎?

它的用法跟what you say is important.一樣嗎?

what=something that 前面五句也一樣嗎?

我常常被what 搞瘋

what 除了當疑問副詞 還有些用法 ?可不可以舉例

越多越好喔 ^^~~~!!!!

Update:

不好意思 可以幫我翻譯這五句嗎?

既然是關代 可以用that which 代替嗎?

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    版主, 您好!

    在這個解答之後, 版主對what的用法絕對會從此豁然開朗!

    所有關代之中, what是唯一包含先行詞在內的關代, 如果顯示其內含的先行詞, what就是something that.

    what在直接問句中是疑問代名詞或疑問形容詞, 而一旦轉化為間接問句成為附屬子句的形式時, what就一定是關代或關形. 例如:

    What is your name? (what是疑問代名詞)

    → I don't know what your name is. (what是關代)

    What size do you want? (what是疑問形容詞)

    → Please tell me what size you want. (what是關形)

    要鑑別what是否關代是非常容易的, 記住這個原則:

    只要what擔任其子句中的主詞或受詞, 它就是關代.

    版主的例句解析如下:

    1. What was fashionable one summer may be embarrassingly wrong next.

    = Something that was fashionable one summer may be embarrassingly wrong next.

    what在名詞子句What was fashionable one summer中擔任主詞, 所以是關代; 而這整個名詞子句又擔任全句的主詞.

    2. Fashion designers decide what colors we will wear and when we will wear them.

    = Fashion designers decide the colors that we will wear and the time (when) we will wear them.

    "what colors"在其本身的子句what colors we will wear中擔任受詞, 且what修飾colors, 所以what是關形(關係形容詞). 主句的decide有兩個受詞: what關代子句與when關副子句.

    代換句要注意兩個受詞子句的第二個中原來的when是關副, 為了與前面的the colors結構相稱, 要相應的換成the time (when), 而(when)可省略.

    3. It is difficult to know exactly what sets the new trends .

    = It is difficult to know exactly something that sets the new trends .

    what在名詞子句what sets the new trends中擔任主詞, 所以是關代; 而這整個名詞子句又擔任know的受詞.

    4. Fashion trends are reactions to what has been before.

    = Fashion trends are reactions to something that has been before.

    what在名詞子句what has been before中擔任主詞, 所以是關代; 而這整個名詞子句又擔任to的受詞.

    5. .....transforming their understanding of what is fashionable into clothes that we wear.

    = ......transforming their understanding of something that is fashionable into clothes that we wear.

    這不是完整句子, 而是transforming分詞片語, 結構是

    transforming A into B .

    其中what在名詞子句what is fashionable中擔任主詞, 所以是關代, 而這整個名詞子句又擔任of的受詞.

    再度強調這個原則: 只要what擔任其子句中的主詞或受詞, 它就是關代. 這個原則同時也適用於任何關代.

    2009-06-08 10:42:08 補充:

    版主:

    要仔細閱讀喔, 一勞永逸!

    有問題請補充發問.

    Source(s): 英文相關行業20餘年
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    1. What was fashionable one summer may be embarrassingly wrong next.

    what是關係代名詞,同時當附屬子句和主要子句的主詞。

    2.Fashion designers decide what colors we will wear and when we will wear them.

    what是當關係形容詞,what colors同時當主要子句和附屬子句的受詞。

    3.It is difficult to know exactly what sets the new trends .

    what是關係代名詞,當delayed subject的受詞,但當附屬子句的主詞。

    4.Fashion trends are reactions to what has been before.

    what是當關係代名詞,在主要子句中是介系詞to的受詞,但在附屬子句中扮演主詞。

    5.Transforming their understanding of what is fashionable into clothes that we wear.

    這句有問題,因為沒有主要子句。此處的what是當介系詞of的受詞,但在附屬子句中當主詞。所以屬關係代名詞。

    除上面的關係代名詞,關係形容詞外,what還可以當疑問代名詞及疑問形容詞。

    What is the matter with you?

    What time is it?

    Source(s): 遠東新世紀英漢辭典1576頁what的例句
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