Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 藝術與人文詩詞與文學 · 1 decade ago

請好心人幫我翻譯以下這段介紹

幫我把他們翻譯成英文,感謝><

奧斯卡.王爾德(Oscar Wilde)生於1854年,卒於1900年,為劇作家、詩人、散文家,19世紀與蕭伯納齊名的英國才子。他的戲劇、詩作、小說則留給後人許多慣用語。

1854年,奧斯卡.王爾德出生於都柏林,他的父親為聞名的外科醫生威廉.王爾德先生,母親則愛好文學,是位作家,筆名為絲波蘭扎。王爾德在都柏林的三聖大學研讀古典文學作品,後來又前往牛津的馬達蘭大學,這段期間,他充分顯露出自己是位才華洋溢的學者,他因詩作《拉溫納》而贏得紐迪該獎(Newdigate Prize);王爾德才氣縱橫、機智過人、魅力十足,又喜歡大出風頭,立刻成為無人不曉的文學界名人。他能言善道又擅於寫作,第一本詩集在1881年出版,不久,他到北美洲進行歷時一年的巡迴演講;到達紐約的時候,王爾德說:「我沒什麼好說的,除了我的天分。」這是他留下來的許多慣用語之一。

1884年,他和康斯坦絲.洛伊德結婚之後,出版了數本孩童故事書,原本這些故事書是寫給他兒子的。1891年他出版唯一的小說《格雷的畫像》,不久之前他才出版了《阿瑟.撒維爾爵士的罪行》。1890年之後,王爾德陸續寫出機智耀眼的喜劇,接連成功,作品有:《溫夫人的扇子》(1892年)、《微不足道的女人》(1893年)、《理想丈夫》(1895年)與傑作《不可兒戲》(1895年),王爾德最後一部劇本《莎樂美》是以法文寫作,倫敦拒絕此劇演出,後來理查.史卓斯改編成歌劇,王爾德的好友阿弗列特.道格拉斯把此劇翻譯成英文,之後得以在英國出版。

阿弗列特的父親貴為侯爵,得知兒子與聲名狼藉的劇作家是朋友關係,強烈反對他們倆人的友誼,還公然污辱王爾德,引起了一場爭論,終於導致王爾德在1894年因同性戀行為而入獄,王爾德被判入獄兩年,並判處勞役,這場牢獄之災讓王爾德身心疲弱,宣告破產。後來王爾德的朋友慷慨援助,王爾德得以去法國定居,還改名為西巴斯金.梅莫斯(Sebastian Melmoth);居住法國期間,他寫出最為聞名的詩作:《里丁監禁之歌》。1890年,王爾德死於異鄉法國。他在獄中寫給阿弗列特的信件於1905年出版,書名為《獄中信》。

《格雷的畫像》於1890年初次上市,未獲佳評,大眾震驚不已,強烈抨擊此書。王爾德在此書中的前言提到:「書沒有道德或不道德的分別,書只有寫得好和寫得不好的分別,如此而已。」強而有力地反駁了當時的輿論。

1 Answer

Rating
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Oscar. Wilde (Oscar Wilde) was born in 1854, died in 1900, was the playwright, the poet, the proser, the 19th century the British talented person who shared the honor with Bernard Shaw. His play, the poetic composition, the novel leave posterity many phrases. in 1854, Oscar. Wilde is born in Dublin, his father for surgeon William who is well-known. Mr. Wilde, the mother likes the literature, is the writer, the pen name is silk wave Lanza. Wilde reads the classical literature work in Dublin's three sages University, afterward went to Oxford's horse Dhahran University, this period, he revealed fully were the scholar who the position talent brimmed with, another reason poetic composition "Pulls Winner" wins Niu Gaijiang (Newdigate Prize); The Wilde ability, quick-witted excellent, the charm is vertically and horizontally full, also likes showing off greatly, becomes the literary world celebrity who immediately is known to everybody. He has a tongue in one's head does without authorization in the writing, the first poetry anthology published in 1881, soon, carried on lasted one year lecture tour he to North America; Arrives at New York's time, Wilde said: “I do not have any flattery, except mine talent.”This is one which of many phrases he remains down.

    2009-06-10 08:25:14 補充:

    in 1884, he and Kang Stan silk. After Loyde marries, has published several child story books, these story books write originally for his son. in 1891 he published the only novel "Grey's Portrait", soon before he only then has published "Arthur. Scatters Knight Vyell's crime".

    2009-06-10 08:25:37 補充:

    after 1890, Wilde writes the quick-witted dazzling comedy one after another, succeeds one after another, the work includes:

    2009-06-10 08:25:46 補充:

    "the Warm Madame's Fan" (in 1892), "Not worthy of mentioning Woman" (in 1893), "Ideal Husband" (in 1895) with the masterpiece "Might not Child's play" (in 1895), the Wilde last script "Sha Happy US" be by the French writing,

    2009-06-10 08:26:03 補充:

    London resists 絕 this play to perform, afterward Richard. Straw Si reorganizes the opera, Wilde's good friend Liete. Douglas translates this play English,

    2009-06-10 08:26:09 補充:

    afterward can publish in Britain. The Liete father close relative or trusted subordinate of the emperor is marquis, knew that the son and the discredited

    2009-06-10 08:26:16 補充:

    playwright are the friend relate, opposes they liaren friendship intensely, but also insults Wilde blatantly, has caused an argument, caused Wilde to be put in distinction, just like this.”Refuted public opinion powerfully then.

    2009-06-10 08:26:25 補充:

    prison finally in 1894 because of the gaydar, Wilde is sentenced is put in prison for two years, and condemned the service, this disaster of imprisonment let the Wilde body and mind be weak, declares bankruptcy.

    2009-06-10 08:26:30 補充:

    Afterward Wilde's friend aided generously, Wilde could go to France to settle down, but also changed name as west Baskin. Plum Mosse (Sebastian Melmoth); Occupies French period, he writes the poetic composition which

    2009-06-10 08:26:47 補充:

    most is well-known: "In Ding Imprisons Song". in 1890, Wilde died of foreign land France. He wrote in the prison for the Liete letter publishes in 1905, the book title was

    2009-06-10 08:26:57 補充:

    "In Prison Letter". "Grey's Portrait" first went on the market in 1890, has not attained comments good, the populace shocked, intensely attack this book. Wilde's mentioned in this book foreword:

    2009-06-10 08:27:00 補充:

    “the book does not have the morals or the moral distinction, the book only then cannot write and writes not the good

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.