曾韻安 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

急~~~有誰可以幫我翻譯這幾段3Q

In recent years, robotic devices and game-like virtual reality exercises have been increasingly used across industrialized countries, and may redefine rehabilitation by motivating people

to train more, without clinical supervision. Because these devices can accurately measure variables such as position and force, they can be used for treatment as well as to diagnose and

assess motor impairments such as spasticity, muscle tone, and strength with great accuracy.

These devices can automate repetitive tasks and provide passive movements, i.e., without voluntary muscular contraction by the individual, or active movements, i.e., with voluntary movement

of a joint. In addition, they can provide assistance adapted to each subject and degree of recovery. Several studies suggest that robot-assisted therapy has positive effects on the rehabilitation

progress of stroke patients [6]–[11]. However, interfaces to train the distal components of the upper limbs, e.g., wrist and hand, have received little attention so far.

Different robots have been developed to provide continuous passive motion (CPM) of the hand (see fourth and fifth rows of Table I) helping subjects reduce joint stiffness of the fingers

together or individually. This type of device offers a versatile, comfortable and portable therapy, but lacks the possibility of performing active finger movements.

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  • Leo
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    In recent years, robotic devices and game-like virtual reality exercises have been increasingly used across industrialized countries, and may redefine rehabilitation by motivating people to train more, without clinical supervision. Because these devices can accurately measure variables such as position and force, they can be used for treatment as well as to diagnose and assess motor impairments such as spasticity, muscle tone, and strength with great accuracy.

    近年來, 人工機械裝置以及虛擬實境的類遊戲機訓練器材已在工業國家中漸漸廣泛的被採用, 而且可能進一步經由激勵人們在沒有醫療人員的監督下多多從事訓練來重新定義復健的作業. 由於這些設備可以精確的測量例如位置和力量的變異, 它們可以用來進行高精密度對例如手部痙攣,肌肉僵硬程度的治療以及診斷.

    These devices can automate repetitive tasks and provide passive movements, i.e., without voluntary muscular contraction by the individual, or active movements, i.e., with voluntary movement of a joint. In addition, they can provide assistance adapted to each subject and degree of recovery. Several studies suggest that robot-assisted therapy has positive effects on the rehabilitation progress of stroke patients [6]–[11]. However, interfaces to train the distal components of the upper limbs, e.g., wrist and hand, have received little attention so far.

    這些裝置可以自動進行重覆的任務並且提供輔助的運動, 意即由病患肌肉自發性的運動, 或自主的移動. 意即, 不是由病患身體部位產生的自主移動. 此外,他們可以對各個案病患提供適當的協助以及適當程度的復原. 有非常多項研究結果認定人工機械輔助治療對中風病患的復健過程有正面的成效[6]–[11]. 然而, 對上肢面器官組成部份的研究與應用, 例如手腕和手; 到目前為止, 還沒有受到太多的重視.

    Different robots have been developed to provide continuous passive motion (CPM) of the hand (see fourth and fifth rows of Table I) helping subjects reduce joint stiffness of the fingers together or individually. This type of device offers a versatile, comfortable and portable therapy, but lacks the possibility of performing active finger movements.

    不同的人工機器裝置已被開發出來對手部僵硬提供連續被動運動(CPM)來幫助病患減輕個別或者整體手指關節僵硬的不適. 這種類型的裝置提供多功能的, 舒適和可攜式的療法ㄝ, 但是不會像實際用手指進行運動治療那麼有效.

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