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Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請問have finished是時態嗎?have + v

After Alex have finished dinner,he left his house and went to the movies.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Having finished dinner,he left his house and went to the movies.

請問have finished是時態ㄇ? have + vpp

如果不是時態 have finished dinner

吃 完成 晚餐

如此不就變成2個動詞放在一起了?

希望大家幫我 謝謝

5 Answers

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  • Sophie
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    原文有個錯:

    After Alex HAD finished dinner,he left his house and went to the movies.

    分開來是兩句話:

    First, Alex finished dinner.

    Then he left...and went...

    首先Alex吃完晚餐, 然後他出門看電影

    在合併時, 為了要標示兩個子句的時間有先後之別, 比較先發生的就寫成 [had+p.p.], 比較晚的還是寫 [V-ed]

    我猜您可能還沒學過完成式吧? 簡單的原則是:

    ***兩件同時態的事, 早發生的寫成完成式, 晚發生的維持原時態***

    例如:

    1. She had already left when I arrived. 我到達時, 她早就離開了 (so I did not see her)

    2. Usually when I arrive for class, I have already eaten dinner. 通常我來上課前就先吃過晚餐了

    3. I will have left by the time you arrive tomorrow.明天你到達前我早就離開了

    要小心的是第三句: 當兩件事都是未來式, 早發生的用 [will have p.p.], 但是晚發生的不是用 [will V], 而是 看起來是現在式的 [V]

    ====================================================

    您的問題第二句是把原句減化: Having finished dinner,he left his house and went to the movies.

    After Alex had finished dinner, he left his house and went to the movies.-->>因為Alex=he, 可以將連接詞 After和Alex 一併省去, 留下改成分詞狀態的 having finished, 還是能表現出兩子句的先後順序

    不過也可以留下有標示先後功能的 After, 改成:

    After finishing dinner, Alex left...and went...如此一來, 早發生的動作吃飯, 就不必囉囉嗦嗦地寫成完成式啦!!

    Source(s): Yours Truly
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  • 槑仙
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    你好!

    After Alex had finished dinner,... (後面+過去簡單式)

    先吃完+ 再去做...

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  • 1 decade ago

    have + vpp

    過去完成式

    從句子來看

    alex是在吃完晚餐後離開家去看電影的

    整個句子的時態是過去式

    因此have + vpp是過去完成式...

    完成式有分,現在跟過去、未來的完成式的喔

    仔細去找找..很多書都有講到..

    或多閱讀原文書..會發現更多書本上看不到的文法結構的喲..

    哈 加油囉

    圖片參考:http://l.yimg.com/f/i/tw/ugc/rte/smiley_22.gif

    Source(s): 外文系畢業的小弟我
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  • 1 decade ago

    have+Vpp 是「完成式」的用法,屬於時態的一種!

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  • 1 decade ago

    這裡的have finished 是現在完成式

    一個主句裡的句子不會有兩個動詞!!

    要注意一下,have 可以當動詞也可以當助詞

    例如: I had my dinner. (動詞) 這裡是簡單過去式

    I have finished my dinner. (助詞) 這裡是現在完成式

    Source(s): 自己
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