What was the french revolution? And what were the causes?
And also, do any of you know any artists during that time?
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
The French Revolution began in 1789 with the collapse of the ruling house of Louis XVI; it ended in 1815 with Napoleon finally being exiled to St. Helena's.
The causes were many; the three estates (basicaly the nobles, the church and gentry, and the commoners) were all lumped into a chaotic system of taxation that encouraged corruption and bitterness towards the ruling classes.
In 1789, after the arrest of Louis XVI, the revolutionaries of the period (you have to find their names, I won't GIVE them to you) led two of the three estates into forming alliances which drafted the Declaration of the Rights of Man, and the storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789 was the first shot which rang out and signaled the end of the monarchy in France.
However, internally, France suffered from long civil wars (look up the Vendeé Revolt) where government troops invaded the Northwest of France and fought bitterly with local Catholics and supporters of the Kings, resulting in up to a quarter million deaths.
The execution of Louis led to the Kings of Europe forming the first of many alliances against France; the French had numbers on their side, and the people were fighting for their homes and families. Their larger forces somehow knocked the alliance back, and they began invading the Netherlands, Switzerland, Italy, and Central Europe in an attempt to "free" the states from their kings.
However, the chaos and executions during the Reign of Terror (think 1796) the rest of Europe was appalled; they compared revolution with internal chaos, and more alliances came forth. Napoleon, during this time, led his armies into Italy and crushed the Austrians, and he later became a First Consul of France before grabbing the throne for himself.
The causes were mainly the straining relationships between rich and poor, noble and peasant; the American Revolution drained France of money and left her heavily in debt, and this debt forced the King to demand taxes which could not be pushed through without input from the Estates General (the three states). The nobles refused to be taxed as did the Church, and the commoners were furious that they would be left paying off the debt. The lower two houses combined, and with support from the nobles, began the movements which took power from the King and granted it to the Estates General.Source(s): M.A. (in progress), B.A. in History.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
the French Revolution (1789–1799) was a period of political and social upheaval and radical change in the history of France, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on Enlightenment principles of citizenship and inalienable rights.
these changes were accompanied by violent turmoil which included the trial and execution of the king, vast bloodshed and repression during the Reign of Terror, and warfare involving every other major European power. subsequent events that can be traced to the Revolution include the Napoleonic Wars, two separate restorations of the monarchy, and two additional revolutions as modern France took shape.
in the following century, France would be governed at one point or another as a republic, constitutional monarchy, and two different empires.Source(s): Fair & Balanced
- kiestLv 44 years ago
All i understand is. Charles Magnon Christianized maximum of Europe, and after quite a few years those christians grew to grow to be followers. in basic terms like people who needed to talk to God and finally end up speaking distinctive languages. maximum of christians which includes the kings. as a replace of understand and do properly have been doing evil. it rather is why is named (revolution) they revolutionized the religion and subculture.via placing apart the state from the church, to be conscious the human rights and the regulation.