The Protestant Movement started with Martin Luther who said the Catholic religion had become too corrupt and decided to change that with his ideas of what Christianity should be - in the end, he created the Lutheran Church.
Part of what Luther said was that everyone should be allowed to read the bible, and he was the first to make the bible in other languages so that the common person was able to read it. Because of this, there started to be more interpretations of the bible. When one person interpreted the bible and found a following, it often became a sect, such as Calvinism, or Baptists, or Anglicans which all fall under the broad category of Protestant religions.
The main difference at the time between Catholic and Anglican religions was that divorce was allowed for Anglicans. This was because King Henry the Eighth invented the Anglican religion as a way to get rid of his wives, instead of killing them when they could not bare him a son. Then, it was pretty much Catholic but with the addition of divorce as well as King Henry the Eighth made the King of England the authority of the religion instead of the Pope. However, because of this, the Kings son and daughters later changed the religion because they were the authority after his death. Over time, it became the religion it is today.
The main difference between Catholics and Protestants are simply interpretation of the Bible. Catholics also believe the Pope is the authority of the religion, while most Protestant religions believe the bible is the only true authority.
Basically, there is the Catholic faith, and then there is the branch of Protestant religions - all are of the Christian faith however their specific beliefs are different.
University level Christian thought and history courses.
· 1 decade ago