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博翔 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文法觀念分詞構句問題

1.He was drunk yesterday

有yesterday為啥不能用drank???

2.The vacation being over, the students all retirned to school

此句為啥非been而要用being???

3.When completed in 2020, the new port will accommodate vesssls up to 10,000 tons

此句為啥非has been completed or completing而要用completed???

4.Walking along the streets, we saw various signs put up here and there

此句為啥非putting up 而要用put up ???

5.A big grocery store sells a lot of ____ food

a.freeze

b.froze

c.freezing

d.frozen

為啥是D而非ABC???

6.It is said that a drowned man will become a ghost

此句算是虛主詞用法嗎???

那此句原型是????

7.Guo jumped into the swimming pool to save a drowing man

此句to save 是當名詞做受詞補語還是當副詞修飾動詞jumped

傻傻分不清楚????

2 Answers

Rating
  • ricky
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    (歡迎指教)

    (喜歡的話就選我吧)

    1.He was drunk yesterday

    有yesterday為啥不能用drank???

    有yesterday只代表本句是過去式

    所以用 was drunk 或 drank 皆可 不過意思上不同

    He was drunk yesterday. 他昨天喝醉了 (drunk 形容詞 喝醉)

    He drank alcohol yesterday. 他昨天喝酒

    2.The vacation being over, the students all returned to school

    此句為啥非been而要用being???

    原句是 The vacation was over(主動式), and the students all returned to school

    去掉and把這句and前面改成動詞片語的話:

    The vacation being over(主動式), the students all returned to school.

    例句

    Mike hates his classmate, so he hits the boy.

    --> Hating his classmate, mike hits the boy.

    John was hungry, and he ate a lot of cake.

    --> Being hungry, John ate a lot of cake.

    The mother came home, and the children all rushed to the kitchen.

    --> The mother coming home, the children all rushed to the kitchen.

    3.When completed in 2020, the new port will accommodate vesssls up to 10,000 tons

    此句為啥非has been completed or completing而要用completed???

    原句是 When it is completed(被動式), the new port will accommodate vessels up to 10,000 tons.

    去掉When的主詞並改成動詞片語的話:

    When completed(被動式), the new port will accommodate vessels up to 10,000 tons.

    例句

    When it was destroyed by the fire, the house became ugly.

    --> When destroyed by the fire, the house became ugly.

    When it is watered, the flower grows better.

    --> When watered, the flower grows better.

    4.Walking along the streets, we saw various signs put up here and there

    此句為啥非putting up 而要用put up ???

    原句是 Walking along the streets, we saw various signs which was put (被動式) up here and there.

    Which was 可以省略:

    Walking along the streets, we saw various signs put up here and there

    5.A big grocery store sells a lot of ____ food

    a.freeze

    b.froze

    c.freezing

    d.frozen

    為啥是D而非ABC???

    freezing 跟 frozen 都可以以形容詞來修飾

    freezing 用來修飾 天氣 人

    This weather is freezing.

    I am freezing in this room.

    frozen 用來修飾 東西

    This food is frozen.

    I don't like frozen food.

    2009-05-16 04:23:50 補充:

    6.It is said that a drowned man will become a ghost

    此句算是虛主詞用法嗎???

    那此句原型是????

    It 是虛主詞 用來表示 a drowned man will become a ghost 這件事

    原句是

    Someone said (主動) that a drowned man will become a ghost.

    It is said (by someone) (被動) that a drowned man will become a ghost.

    2009-05-16 04:23:57 補充:

    7.Guo jumped into the swimming pool to save a drowing man

    此句to save 是當名詞做受詞補語還是當副詞修飾動詞jumped

    傻傻分不清楚????

    【to save a drowning man】 是不定詞表目的

    在這裡並沒有受詞 所以不是受詞補語

    所以是副詞 用來修飾動詞的目的

    有相關問題的話 歡迎補充

    Source(s): 美國多年留學&英文分類高手的我
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  • 1 decade ago

    1你這句話應該這樣寫

    He drunk yesterday 要把was去調 用過去式的drink

    不然你is加過去分詞就變成被喝 drink沒這樣子的用法

    它通常都是用主動的

    2原本的句子應是The vacation which was over, the students all retirned to school 它用分詞構句來寫 因前有先行詞The vacation 所以用which 來寫但它現在把which was 都刪除 was改成 being

    3has been completed 是指已經被完工 這句話並沒有被動式喔

    所以用它的過去式就好囉

    4關鍵字在於saw它是感觀動詞 後面可加adj.ving.vpp

    都可以加 但在這李之所以要放put up 正因為它是被放的

    various signs 這ㄍ東西被放在那裡阿 所以要用vpp

    所以你判斷的時候還要考慮它是主動或是被動的唷

    put的三態 put put put 三個都一樣

    5此句也是同樣的問題喔

    food不可能自己冷凍嘛

    一定是被冷凍 所以要用過去分詞

    6虛主詞後一定會接一個不定詞 to VR

    舉例來說 It is very interesting to play the computer game for me.

    就是這一類的句子

    那這李的be said that 後加完整子句 意思就是據說.....這見事怎樣

    如何 固定的用法 要背喔

    7你可能稿錯ㄌ唷 這裡兩個都不是 這裡的to save 是表目的

    Guo為了整救溺水的男人 而跳進了游泳池

    以上是我的見解喔 我認為你可以多看閱讀 多背句型

    你上面的分詞構句阿 虛主詞在前不定在後 和感觀動詞

    和主動和被動的用法 都要重新了解喔 因為這ㄍ非常中要

    考試也很喜歡考唷 希望這些講解能夠讓你更了解喔

    Source(s): 累積多年的經驗
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