Ash asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

Security Council/General Assembly and aligned vs. non-aligned nations?

Explain the Security Council and the General assembly of the United Nations in regards to the importance of “aligned” and “non‐aligned” nations.

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    The nonaligned movement or NAM started back in 1955 during the Asia Africa Conference held in Bandung, Indonesia. At the conference a group (29) of mostly developing nations in Africa (a lot of former colonies) and Asia met to discuss concerns of development; standing up against neo-colonialism; and resisting the pressures of the major powers to join their sides in the Cold War. From this meeting the official NAM started (first conference in 1961). NAM still exists today and has expanded well beyond its original 29. But it still fights for helping developing and less powerful nations find their own voice in international politics and not be pushed around so to speak by the major world powers.

    As to importance...

    Both group are important. If you mean power....

    Generally the aligned or powerful nations have more sway in the SC than they do in the GA. They have veto power in the SC and can use it to block resolutions they don't like. Also, often the mere threat of a veto could be enough to sway opinions. But that being said it is also important to remember that all "sides" of the major powers have the veto. So this could in affect cripple them. Yes the US has the power to veto; but if it promotes a resolution that goes directly against what another major power wants it could be vetoed. So one might say being a super power in the SC isn't as good as one might think. Generally the role of the NAM countries in the SC is to be the mediators and the countries that move things along and get things done. They don’t have any perceived baggage on a lot of charged topics. They can be the problem solvers.

    In the GA everyone is equal. And there are a lot more NAM countries than big powers. So they can be said to have more sway than in the SC. Whether they have more sway than the super powers, I think, depends on the topic. But honestly in the UN everyone really tries to work together. Resolutions usually pass by consensus.

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