How did the belgian congo gain independence?
was there anything with religion that had to do with it?
- justgoodfolkLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
Independence for Congo followed a strange course of events unlike anything else in the rest of Africa. The Belgian Congo was huge and underdeveloped. After the war, new cultural organisations like ABAKO, Association des Bakongo and the Lulua-Freres, emerged in the 1950s.
But it was the attitude of the Belgians which bred a new political consciousness in the 1950s. In the first place, the Belgians like the Portuguese, were resolutely untouched by the drive towards independence in the early 1950s. De-colonisation was first discussed in 1956, but seen as something that would happen thirty years into the future.
On the eve of independence, the Congo, a territory larger than Western Europe, bordering on nine other African colonies/states, was seriously underdeveloped. There were no African army officers, only three African managers in the entire civil service, and only 30 university graduates. Yet Western investments in Congo's mineral resources (copper, gold, tin, cobalt, diamonds, manganese, zinc) were colossal. And these investments meant that the West was determined to keep control over the country beyond independence.
Following widespread rioting in 1959, the Belgians to the surprise of all the nationalist leaders said elections for independence could go ahead in May 1960. This in itself caused confusion and a rush to form parties. In the event 120 different parties took part, most of them regionally based. Only one, Mouvement National Congolais or the MNC, led by Patrice Lumumba , favoured a centralised government and had support in four of six provinces.
The actual independence day was a mixture of huge excitement and bad temper on the part of the former colonial power. King Baudouin of Belgian made a patronising speech; and Patrice Lumumba's speech was spirited.
Within days things fell apart. The army mutinied against Belgian officers. The main mining area, Katanga, declared itself a separate state under Moise Tshombe, but with strategic support and encouragement from Belgian mining interests. Belgian troops then intervened unasked; Lumumba invited UN peacekeeping forces to help but they steered clear of fighting Tshombe's Katanga regime.Source(s): http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Belgian_Co... http://www.experiencefestival.com/belgian_congo_-_...
- Anonymous5 years ago
It was formally under Belgian rule. Belgian Congo---then Republic of the Congo-then Republic of the Zaire--then The Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- 1 decade ago
They killed all of the whiteys.