cuban missile crisis?
can sombody tell me about the cuban missile crisis?
why did this happen?
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
the Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the United States, the Soviet Union, and Cuba during the Cold War. in Russia, it is termed the "Caribbean Crisis", while in Cuba it is called the "October Crisis." the crisis ranks with the Berlin Blockade as one of the major confrontations of the Cold War, and is generally regarded as the moment in which the Cold War came closest to a nuclear war.
the Americans feared the Soviet expansion of communism or socialism, but for a Latin American country to ally openly with the USSR was regarded as unacceptable, given the Russo-American enmity since the end World War II in 1945. such an involvement would also directly defy the Monroe Doctrine which prevented European powers from getting involved in South American matters.
in late 1961, President John F. Kennedy engaged Operation Mongoose, a series of covert operations against Castro's government. they were unsuccessful. more overtly, in February 1962, the United States launched an economic embargo against Cuba.
the United States also considered covert action again and had inserted CIA paramilitary officers from their Special Activities Division. Air Force General Curtis LeMay presented to Kennedy a pre-invasion bombing plan in September, while spy flights and minor military harassment from the U.S. Guantanamo Naval Base were the subject of continual Cuban diplomatic complaints to the U.S. government.
in September 1962, the Cuban government saw significant evidence that the U.S. would invade, including a joint U.S. Congressional resolution authorizing the use of military force in Cuba if American interests were threatened, and the announcement of a U.S. military exercise in the Caribbean planned for the following month (Operation Ortsac).
as a consequence, Castro and Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev agreed to secretly place strategic nuclear missiles in Cuba. like Castro, Khrushchev felt that a U.S. invasion of Cuba was imminent, and that to lose Cuba would do great harm to his prestige worldwide, especially in Latin America. he said that he wanted to confront the Americans "with more than words...the logical answer was missiles."
the tensions were at their height from October 8, 1962. on October 14, United States reconnaissance saw the missile bases being built in Cuba. the crisis ended two weeks later on October 28, 1962, when the John F. Kennedy and the United Nations Secretary-General U Thant reached an agreement with the Soviets to dismantle the missiles in Cuba in exchange for a no-invasion agreement. Khrushchev requested that the Jupiter and Thor missiles in Turkey be removed, but the United States did not actually remove them, and his request was ignored by the Kennedy administration and not pressed by the Soviet Union.
Kennedy ordered intensified surveillance, and cited cooperation from the foreign ministers of the Organization of American States (OAS). Kennedy "directed the Armed Forces to prepare for any eventualities; and i trust that in the interest of both the Cuban people and the Soviet technicians at the sites, the hazards to all concerned of continuing the threat will be recognized." he called for emergency meetings of the OAS and United Nations Security Council to deal with the matter.Source(s): Fair & Balanced
- 1 decade ago
During the Cold War the main sides were America (pro-democracy) and the USSR (pro-communism). The communist country of Cuba was siding with the USSR and as a result of its location so close to the United States, the Russians decided to put their missiles in Cuba. The missiles in Cuba were capable of hitting just about anywhere in the States which alarmed Americans. This became a crisis or the Cuban Missile Crisis.
- 1 decade ago
I was 6 years old when the crisis happened. My father was a missile mechanic stationed at SAC airbase in omaha nebraska. Russia was using cuba as a missile base. The US did not want russian missiles this close to american and instigated a blockade of all russian ships going to cuba. I remember my dad packing a bag to go to the silos, mom asked him when he would be home and he said he didn't know.
- 1 decade ago
Soviets installed missiles in Cuba. An American flew over Cuba and discovered the missiles. This happened because it was the Cold War and the USSR wanted to get closer to attacking USA.
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- 1 decade ago
The Russians began installing ballistic missles in Cuba. US intelligence detected them. When the Russians refused to remove them, the US blockaded Cuba. Because of the "face off" between the US and Russia, the world came closer to WWIII than at any other time during the Cold War.