Assisted reproductive technology (ART):
(1) Enables infertile people to achieve pregnancy.
(2) Enables people who could not reproduce without ART to conceive babies using their genomes. Thus, babies can be born that contain at least half of the genes of one of their affinal or familial parents. In many cases (e.g., in vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), artificial insemination (AI)), ART produces babies that contain genetic material from both of their parents.
(3) Enables women with damaged reproductive systems to conceive babies (e.g., with tuboplasty, a surgery to restore patency of obstructed fallopian tubes).
(4) Enables men suffering from sexual dysfunction (e.g., impotence) to conceive babies (e.g., through the procedure called surgical sperm retrieval (SSR), in which a reproductive urologist obtains sperm from the vas deferens, epididymis or directly from the testis in a short outpatient procedure).
(5) Enables couples with genetic disorders to conceive healthy babies (e.g., via preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), which is the use of genetic screening mechanisms such as Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH) or Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH) to help identify genetically abnormal embryos and improve healthy outcomes).
(6) Enables birth of a baby after a parent dies prematurely (e.g., using Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET), in which a fertilized embryo is cryopreserved.
· 1 decade ago