asked in 教育與參考考試 · 1 decade ago

請問這個英文的題目,跟分辭構句有關係嗎

最近在TOEIC的模擬測驗中看到一個問題:

______in the late 1800's , many of the coastline's lighthouses remain

standing today , having withstood the forces of nature for decades .

(A)Built

(B)Building

(C)Been built

(D)Having built

答案為什麼是A啊?

help me

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    的確是分辭構句,而且是屬於被動語態。

    分辭構句的規則:

    1. 相同主詞消去

    2. 若有關代(who, which...) 則省略

    3. Be動詞改為Being省略掉

    4. 原動詞改分詞化

    ----------------------------------------------------

    ※原句如下:

    Many of the coastline's lighthouses which was built in the late 1800's ,

    many of the coastline's lighthouses remain standing today ,

    having withstood the forces of nature for decades .

    步驟一: 省略相同主詞 Many of the coastline's lighthouses

    步驟二: 省略關代 which

    步驟三: was 改 being 省略掉

    步驟四: 留下分詞 built

    整句改寫為:

    Built in the late 1800's , many of the coastline's lighthouses remain

    standing today , having withstood the forces of nature for decades .

    (此被動語態,因為 lighthouse 是被建造 所以用Vpp)

    ----------------------------------------------------------------

    (若主詞是人,則通常做出動作,常用分詞Ving 表示主動)

    舉例來說:

    Working in the factory, John is a nice man.

    上句的原句是

    John works in the factory, (and) John is a nice man.

    Source(s): 教學經驗
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  • 1 decade ago

    因為Building是「在蓋」

    Been built是「被蓋」

    Having built是「準被要蓋」

    所以是(A)

    Source(s):
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