NorthStar asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請教高手: struck

大考中心公佈的今年學測英文作文佳作中,有一篇內容:

.. Search teams were distributed to the earthquake-struck areas immediately, trying to.... 閱題老師認為句中的earthquake-struck 有瑕疵. 請問大大,是怎樣的瑕疵? 另可否推薦介紹複合字的用書? 甘溫

Update:

thanks

但stricken本身就是形容詞 或是過去分詞當形容詞?字典上的strike所列的pt及pp都只有struck.

朗文: ... civilian villages have been struck several times.

Update 2:

j286878大大,

如果 struck可為被動, 有被打到被擊中的意思,那 earthquake-struck 為何有瑕疵?

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    牛津英英-英漢雙解辭典上 strike 的 pp有兩種: stricken 和 struck.

    1. stricken (敘述用法) 意思為 affected, overcome 受害的, 染患的, 壓服

    cancer-stricken 患癌症的; stricken by fever. 發燒的;

    stricken in years 老而衰弱的

    2. struck則是被動用法, 有被打到被擊中的意思

    That tree was struck by lightning. 那棵樹被閃電擊中

    2009-05-05 00:54:38 補充:

    earthquake-struck 就和我舉例的 cancer-stricken 一樣是敘述用法, 意思是受害的, 受影響的. 此外, 在邏輯上, 地震是發生在地底然後影響到地面, 而不是像砲彈或閃電擊中物體.

    2009-05-05 00:58:35 補充:

    Sorry, 補充的是 earthquake-stricken.

    Source(s): myself + dictionary, myself, myself
  • 1 decade ago

    strike的過去分詞雖然有struck以及stricken兩種

    但通常struck用在完成式

    stricken用在被動

    所以應該用earthquake-stricken比較洽當

    Source(s): 大腦
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