QQ asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文縮寫一定大寫? [15點喔]

最近我突然想到一個關於英文的問題:

我發現,幾乎所有的英文縮寫都會大寫,

像捷運:Mass Rapid Transit 【MRT】

電視:television 【TV】

等等.......

但是我發現!

廣告【advertisement】,

寫在文章裡的時候,都沒有使用大寫!而是直接用【ad】!

想請問各位大大,這是為什麼呢?為什麼幾乎所有的縮寫字再文章中都一定要用大寫,而有些字{像廣告}就沒有用大寫呢?

麻煩請各位博學多聞的大大告訴我阿!

盡量寫詳細喔!{像背後的意義等等}

orz謝謝zro

!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!

orz謝謝zro

2 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.英文造新字可以將一串字的首字母(即acronym)取來組合成新字:

    如 radar = radio detecting and ranging 雷達

    laser = light amplifications by stimulated emission of radiation 雷射

    SARS = severe acute respiratory syndromes 嚴重急性呼吸道症候群

    DNA = deoxyribonucleric acid 去氧核醣核酸

    UFO = unidentified flying object 不明飛行物 (飛碟)

    FAQ = frequently asked questions 答客問

    COBOL = common business oriented language

    CPR = cardiopulmonary resuscitation 心肺復蘇術

    HIV = human immunodeficiency virus

    通常可以組成音節的新字會用小寫,如果字母要分別讀的,沒法組成音節的,就會全部大寫.但不是絕對的.

    2.你舉的ad=advertisement是另一種造新字的方法:簡寫(abbreviation)

    例如: lab = laboratory

    math = mathematics

    dorm = dormitory

    memo = memorandum

    bike = bicycle

    pop = popular

    photo = photograph

    exam = examination

    pub = public house

    hippo = hippopotamus

    flu = influenza

    condo = condominium

    2009-04-28 20:14:33 補充:

    scuba = self-contained underwater breathing apparatus 水肺(潛水裝備)

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  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    Louis,

    Good answer.

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