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小羊 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文字來源

想請問一下有誰知道 hesitate (遲疑,猶豫) 這個字的來源為何

例: offend(冒犯)= of+ fend = against + strike

Update:

請問一下樓下的大大 那拉丁文的原意是什麼呢

3 Answers

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  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    想請問一下有誰知道 hesitate (遲疑,猶豫) 這個字的來源為何

    Hesitate:

    Latin (拉丁文) – Latin of haesitātus

    Past participle of haesitāre, haesitāt

    frequentative of haerēre (haerēre的反覆動詞)

    hesitate = haes(us) + it + ate

    haes(us): past participle of haerēre=> to stick, to hold fast: 保持穩固; 堅持, 緊握, 把持

    -it: frequentative suffix => indicates repetition. In Latin, frequentative verb forms came to replace the simple verbs, so the frequentative suffix may often be ignored.

    -ate: As the ending of a verb, it means to make, to cause, to act, etc. (促使)

    http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/verbs/qt/Freque...

    http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/hesitate

    Source(s): dictionary.com and online search.
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  • ricky
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    that was all I could think of too, but it doesn't seem to fit the pattern (offend = of + fend)

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    hesitate源自拉丁文的haesitatus

    Source(s): 字典
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