Cool asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

What was the commune established in New Harmony, Indiana by Scottish industrialist Robert Owen? more question: What was the intellectual commune in Massachusetts based on "plain living and high thinking" called?

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2 Answers

  • June F
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
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    Robert Owen and his followers purchased the town of Harmonie in Posey County, Indiana, in 1825. They hoped to establish a model communal village, which they named New Harmony, where they tried to practice Owen's theories about cooperative living. The project failed and the town was dissolved in 1928. Historic New Harmony now contains a group of restored buildings and other landmarks.

    The first American Utopias grew out of Robert Owen's attempt to create a model company town in New Lanark, Scotland. In the United States, Owen organized the New Harmony Community along the Wabash River in western Indiana in 1825. There the residents established a socialist community in which everyone was to share equally in labor and profit. Just months after the creation of a constitution in January 1826, the thousand residents at New Harmony divided into sub-communities that then disintegrated into chaos.

    I'm not sure about the Massachusetts commune. It could be Brook Farm, a short-lived utopian experiment in communal living (1841 – 47) in West Roxbury, Mass. (near Boston), founded by George Ripley. The best known of the many utopian communities organized in the U.S. in the mid-19th century, Brook Farm was to combine the thinker and the worker, to guarantee the greatest mental freedom, and to prepare a society of liberal, cultivated persons whose lives would be more wholesome and simpler than they could be amid the pressure of competitive institutions. It is remembered for the distinguished literary figures and intellectual leaders associated with it, including Charles A. Dana, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Margaret Fuller, Horace Greeley, James Russell Lowell, John Greenleaf Whittier, and Ralph Waldo Emerson (though not all of them were actual members). It was also noted for the modern educational theory of its excellent school.

  • 1 decade ago

    There are New Harmony communities all over the Eastern US, at least. You will find some communities of that type called New Providence.

    One in Tennessee is very interesting. It is Rugby, Tennessee.

    The whole era during which the Indiana community existed was beset with religious utopian communes and they were all over the place. Most failed miserably basically because there was not a lot of "harmony" among the villagers.

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