With an associates degree, an easy way to get into Finance is as a Personal/Business Banker. Most of these job postings will state they prefer a Bachelors (and I went into this career after I obtained my Bachelors), but with your Associates you can still get in Erica, especially if you have some kind retail/sales experience to boot. You just have to make sure you come across as someone who's passionate about Finance/Banking, and that you look forward to meeting and exceeding goals.
Initial Salary ranges between banks (larger banks like BOA and Chase pay less, while smaller banks pay more up front), usually around the $30's to $40's, but the real money comes through commission and bonuses. A good banker can make thousands per quarter if they have a get-go attitude and are in a good location.