Indigenous people of the Seminole Indians?

Discuss how modern civilization has impacted the spiritual lives of the Seminole Indians. Are the Seminoles religions still practiced today? If so, how have the practices changed over time?

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    The Everglades Miccosukee Tribe of Seminole Indians was recognized by the state of Florida in 1957, and received federal recognition in 1958.[2] The sovereign Miccosukee Seminole Nation received International recognition in Cuba on July 26, 1959[3] Other members went on to form the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, which has no international recognition. The Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida separated from the Everglades Miccosukee Tribe of Seminole Indians in 1961 and organized a 3rd tribe in 1962. This was controversial; the Seminole Indian News, fourth edition, reported: "The U.S. Interior Dept. is pushing ahead with its plans to organize a third tribe of puppet Indians in an effort to wreck the many years of negotiations and agreements with our Miccosukee Tribe," charged Homer Osceola, Co-Chairman of the Miccosukee Tribal Executive Council."..."If they go through with this shenanigan, it will be the biggest fraud on the Seminoles since the fake so-called treaty of Paynes Landing over 100 years ago. And we want the American public to know what is going on here." [3]"

    The Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida was formed in the 1960s by members of the Florida Seminole community who were dissatisfied with the Seminole Tribe of Florida; they were mostly Mikasuki-speaking descendants of the Chiaha, or Upper Chehaw, who had originally lived in the Tennessee Valley. The majority of Seminoles spoke Creek. [4] The Miccosukee Tribe set up a 333-acre reservation on the northern border of Everglades National Park, about 45 miles (72 km) west of Miami.[5]

    In the United States 2000 Census, 12,431 people reported themselves as Seminole Native American. An additional 15,000 people identified themselves as Seminoles in combination with some other tribal affiliation or race.[6]

    The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma has about 6,000 enrolled members, who are divided into fourteen bands. Two are called "Freedmen Bands" (also "black Seminoles") because they descended in part from escaped slaves. Band membership is matrilineal: children are members of their mother's band. The group is ruled by an elected council, with two members from each band. The capital is at Wewoka, Oklahoma.

    The Seminole Tribe of Florida and the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida entered into agreements with the US government in 1957 and 1962, respectively, confirming their sovereignty over tribal lands and agreeing to compensation for seized territory. Since then, the tribes have developed economies based chiefly on sales of duty-free tobacco, heritage and resort tourism, and gambling. On December 7, 2006, they purchased the Hard Rock Cafe chain of restaurants.[7]

    "When South Florida tourism boomed in the 1920s, Seminoles capitalized by wrestling alligators for money. In 1979, the Seminoles opened the first casino on Indian land, ushering in what has become a multibillion-dollar industry operated by numerous tribes nationwide." [8] In more recent years, the Miccosukee Tribe has sustained itself by owning and operating a casino, resort, a golf club, several museum attractions, and the "Indian Village". At the "Indian Village", Miccosukee demonstrate traditional pre-Columbian lifestyles to educate people about their culture.

    The eponymous use of "Seminole" is common in Florida, with one county named after them and another county named after Seminole leader Osceola. (Both jurisdictions are located in the Orlando Metropolitan Area). Seminole, Florida, a city in Pinellas County is named for them, as well as a small community in Okaloosa County.

  • 4 years ago

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