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Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Ukraine (country where the Chernobyl accident took place), Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia.
East Germany was under the Warsaw Pact, thus under Soviet influence, as were Romania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Albania, and Bulgaria.
During the Afghan Civil War - at one point - the Soviet Union was present in Afghanistan, hoping to absorb it into the Soviet Union. Furthermore, the Soviet Union had left soldiers in Northern Iran after WW2, and thus fostered fear within the United States and other Western nations, as they feared they might try to take Iran.