1. What are the three perspectives (functionalist, conflict, interactionist) on deviance?
2. What are the three perspectives on race and ethnicity?
3. What are the three perspectives on religion?
- MiffyLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
The origins of the functionalist perspective can be traced to the work of Herbert Spencer and Emile Durkheim. Understanding society from a functionalist perspective is to visualize society as a system where all the parts act together even though each part may be doing different things. Associated with the system is structure. In society, institutions, such as family, education, and religion are the parts of the social system. They are structures in society that social activity is organized around. The overall goal of the various structures (parts) is to maintain order in society. The structures in society promote integration, stability, consensus, and balance in society.
Conflict theorists see society less as a cohesive system and more an arena of conflict and power struggles. Instead of people working together to further the goals of the "social system," people are seen achieving their will at the expense of others.
Symbolic Interactionists are called micro-sociologists. The scope of investigation for these sociologists is very small. Interaction is generally face-to-face and addresses "everyday" activities. They are interested in the way individuals act toward, respond to, and influence one another in society. These kinds of sociologists are not interested in nation-states. They don't consider social institutions like the economy or government.