里長 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文法解析-the effect of which

本文如下:

Regional governments and local authorities could qualify for the same treatment as claims on their sovereign or central government if these governments and local authorities have specific revenue raising powers and have specific institutional arrangemetns the effect of which is to reduce their risks of default.

請問:

1. 在「specific institutional arrangemetns the effect of which is to reduce their risks of default」這一關係子句中,主詞是誰?動詞是誰?受詞是誰?關係代名詞是誰?

2. the effect of which的文法詞性是什麼?如何翻譯? 可否舉例說明?

Update:

請問the effect of which如何翻譯?

請問if these governments and local authorities have specific revenue raising powers and have specific institutional arrangemetns the effect of which is to reduce their risks of default.

Update 2:

請問if these governments and local authorities have specific revenue raising powers and have specific institutional arrangemetns the effect of which is to reduce their risks of default.如何翻譯?

3 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    我會建議你要從if these governments and local authorities have specific revenue raising powers and have specific institutional arrangemetns the effect of which is to reduce their risks of default.這一整段來分析.

    the effect of which我覺得應該指的是specific revenue raising powers 和 specific institutional arrangemetns運作的效果,

    所以which借代的先行詞應該是if these governments and local authorities have specific revenue raising powers and have specific institutional arrangemetns這一整件事情.按Cambridge University 出版的Grammar In Use第93課,當借代一整件事情(也就是先行詞以子句呈現而非單一名詞),which與子句之間應該要加一個逗點,所以我會建議在 the effect of which is to reduce their risks of default.與arrangements之間加一個逗點.

    而這句話的意思應該是

    如果這些政府或地方權力機關有具體的稅金徵收權且被有制度的規範,那麼在兩者並行的影響之下,可減少被拖欠的風險.

    以上,供您參考!

    Source(s): myself
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    the effect of which= whose effect

    形容詞子句的內容所包括的只是前面名詞的一部分時,就會用前面這種寫法。如:

    We used the red book, the title of which I cannot remember.

    The table, the leg of which is broken, cannot be fixed.

    所以你的句子中的institutional arrangements是有這種功能,就是可以減少發生default的危險。

    地方政府或地方當局只要有特殊財源可以建構自己的武力(?)而且有憲法特別條款讓他們免於遭到defaut的危險,他們就可以向其君王或中央政府要求得到相同的待遇(?)。

    對不起這面的內容可能不專業,但因為你只給了一句話,沒有上下文,裡面有許多字的字義沒法從上下文加以驗證,只能半猜半寫。而且政治不是我的專業,用語不精確,要靠你自己看了上下文去決定吧!

  • 1 decade ago

    主詞: the effect of which

    動詞: is

    受詞: their risks of default 

    關係代名詞: which ( specific institutional arrangements )

    學英文別這麼居泥文法, 應該前後句子了解 酒可以抓出主詞動詞等.

    ""the effect of which""的文法詞性是名詞

    ''某某的效力''

    He works so hard the effect of which has drawn the attention of

    his boss.

    Source(s): me
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