what should I do before, during and after an earthquake?

An earthquake

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  • 1 decade ago
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    PROTECTION DURING EARTHQUAKES

    The following are some of the important precaution to be observed to save our life during an earthquake. Even though we do not have fool proof system to fore warn earthquakes some of the changes in nature or in the behaviors of animals and birds may help to decide the situations.I am the one issued the warning 2 hours before Tsunami struck our coast.

    Before an earthquake.

    Have a battery powered radio, flash light, and first aid kids in your house ,

    Make sure every one knows where they are kept ,

    Learn first aid; teach how to stop electric main and gas supply ,

    Don’t keep heavy objects in high shelves ,

    Fasten heavy appliances to the floor, and anchor heavy furniture to the walls ,

    Plan for your family for reuniting after an earthquake if anybody separated ,

    Urge your school teachers to discuss earthquake safety in the class rooms, and ask them to conduct drills ,Keep some dry fruits and drinking water.

    Find out your office has an emergency plan, know your responsibility at your works during an emergency .Keep some dry fruits and drinking water .

    During an earthquake.

    Stay calm if you are indoors, stay out if you are out of buildings. Many injuries occur as people enter or leave the buildings.

    If you are indoors , stand against the a wall near the center of the building, or get under a sturdy table keep some cushion on your head, Stay away from windows and outside doors, if you are in a high rise building stand against a support column.

    If you are in outdoor stay in the open place , keep away from over head electric wires. and bridges,

    Don’t use open flames, if you are in a moving vehicle stop away from over bridges and stay inside the vehicle still earthquake stops.

    After an earthquake.

    Check yourself and nearby people for injury, provide first aid,

    Check electric and gas connection,

    Turn on your radio or T.V for emergency instructions, reduce the use of phone lines it may be required for conveying some important messages.

    Stay out of damaged buildings,

    Wear chapels and gloves to protect against shattered glass and debris.

    Stay away from beaches and water front areas where Tsunami could strike, even long after the shaking has stopped.

    Have one earthquake alarm fixed in your house.

    Source(s): My research work in early warning systems.
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  • 4 years ago

    BEFORE AN EARTHQUAKE 1. Potential earthquake hazards in the home and workplace should be removed and corrected. Top-heavy furniture and objects, such as book cases and storage cabinets, should be fastened to the wall and the largest and heaviest objects placed on lower shelves. 2. Supplies of food and water, flashlight, a first-aid kit and a battery-operated radio should be set aside for use in emergencies. 3. One or more family members should have a working knowledge of first-aid measures because medical facilities nearly are always overloaded during an emergency or disaster, or may, themselves, be damaged beyond use. 4. All family members should know what to do to avoid injury and panic. They should know how to turn off the electricity, water and gas. They should know the locations of the main switch valves. This is particularly important for teenagers who are likely to be alone with smaller children. DURING AN EARTHQUAKE 1. The most important thing to do during an earthquake is to remain CALM. If you can do so then you are less likely to be injured. Also, those around you will have a greater tendency to be clam if you are calm. 2. Make no moves or take no action without thinking about the possible consequences. Any irrational movement may be an injurious one. 3. If you are inside stay there. Stand in a doorway or crouch under a desk or table, away from windows or glass fixtures. 4. If you are outside, stay there. Stay away from objects such as light poles, buildings, trees and telephone and electric wires, which could fall and injure you. 5. If you are in an automoblie, drive away from underpasses/overpasses, and stop in the safest place possible and stay there. AFTER AN EARTHQUAKE 1. After an earthquake the most important thing to do is to check for injuries in your family and in the neighbourhood. Seriously injured persons should not be moved unless they are in immediate danger of further injury. First-aid should be administered, but only by someone who is qualified or has a working knowledge of first-aid. 2. Evacuate the building as soon as the shaking stops. Carefully inspect the exterior of the building for cracks in walls, shifted posts and pillars. If you see anything other than minor cracks do no re-enter the building until it has been inspected for safety by a professional. 3. Check for safety-hazards - gas, water sewage breaks; downed power lines and electrical short circuits, damaged and weakened buildings and foundations, fires and fire hazards. 4. Turn off appropriate utilities. Do not use matches, lighters or open flame, appliances or electrical switches until you are sure that there are no gas leaks. 5. Do not use the telephone except in extreme emergency. 6. Wear shoes and protective clothing, for example, hard hats and gloves, to avoid injuries while clearing debris. 7. Keep battery-operated radios and listen for emergency bulletins. 8. If electrical power is off for any length of time use the foods in your refridgerator and freezer before they spoil. Canned and dry foods should be saved for last. 9. Co-operate with all public safety and relief organizations. Do not go into damaged areas unless authorized by appropriate personnel. 10. Be prepared for additional earthquake shocks.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Before: there is not a lot you can do, unless you are clairvoyant and can predict it.

    During: Flee the house and go to a safe area, or stand under a door frame; it is the least likely place to collapse, because it bears the brunt of the wall above the door already. Turn on the radio as soon as you can to check if there are further alerts.

    After: do not go back into any rubble; aftershocks have caused further collapsing before.

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