? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

心裡衡鑑翻譯~焦慮篇Anxiety

拜託大大ㄌ~考試的補充~可以幫我翻譯或整理內容~

Anxiety

•Psychoanalytic view

•Biological perspective

–ANS activating

Regulation Of Anxiety In Personality Functioning Affects:

•Operation of cognitive controls.

•Achievement of Potential levels of intellectual functioning.

•Symptom formation.

•Subjective distress.

How Anxiety Is Manifested In The Individual’s Functioning?

•Does the anxiety disturb the patient?

•Does the anxiety generate failure in performance?

•Does the anxiety reduce capacity to deal with frustration?

If Anxiety Impedes Performance, Then The Patient May Show Self-Defeating Behavior, Such As:

•Withdrawing from tasks.

•Becoming non-communicative or uncooperative.

•Becoming discouraged or depressed.

•Engaging in impulsive behavior.

If anxiety is not regulated or managed adaptively, then problems may emerge, including

•Depression, withdrawal, or inhibition of effort.

•School failure or job loss.

•Irritability & aggression.

•Passivity or dependency.

Is the anxiety consciously experienced?

•The extent to which the pt is experiencing anxiety

•Pt’s anxiety and latent personality conflicts

- conflicts between control and impulse

- impacts on the intactness of the pt’s ego

•How might the anxiety be managed?

- Is it experienced passively? Does it stimulate fantasy? Does it lead to some sort of activity?

- Is the pt terrified about his/her needs and therefore become inhibited, social inconspicuous, isolated, or withdrawn?

Diagnostic implications with anxiety that is experienced

•When the behavior is ego-syntonic (ie. when the pt’s problematic behavior doesn’t cause personal distress)

 Character neurosis (personality disorders in DSM-IV)

•When the behavior is ego-alien

 Symptom neurosis

•Exceptions

Update:

Is the anxiety Acted Out?

•Acting-out usually is defined as the behavioral substitute for a conflict

•Instead of thinking about the problem, the pt engages in doing or behaving in order to

escape from anxiety

•The presence, characteristics, and qualities of acting-out

Update 2:

Characteristically act out or specifically?

•An acting-out type of person?

•Does acting-out only serve to reduce anxiety? With additional ways?

•Is the anxiety reduced completely?

•Ex. Obsession & compulsion

Update 3:

Avoidance of anxiety

•The hallmark of acting-out

•Its translation

- phobic symptoms

- passivity

- depression, etc.

•Interfering with the ability to learn and master intellectual and cognitive skills

Update 4:

Diagnostic implications with anxiety acted out

•Ego-dystonic  anxiety disorders (excepting PTSD)

•The largely ego-syntonic acceptance of destructive or socially inappropriate behavior

Update 5:

considering the possibility of psychotic vulnerability

•Acting-out accompanies characteristics

- underdevelopment of superego 

- passive-aggressive patterns 

Is the anxiety somatized?

Update 6:

•One of the most distressing ways in which pts attempt to manage anxiety without directly experiencing it involves channeling it to aspects of their own body.

- parts of body

- internal organs

- physiological functioning

•Somatization vs. hypochondriasis

Update 7:

When anxiety is somatized

•Somatizers cannot easily tolerate frustrations and the direct experience of the distress

of anxiety. They bind the anxiety in bodily expression to avoid experiencing it directly.

•Acting-in frequently relates to anger, hostility, or sexuality.

Update 8:

Diagnostic implications with anxiety acted in

•Characteristic or specific

•Somatoform disorders

•Psychological factors affecting medical condition (psychosomatic disorders)

3 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    焦慮

    •精神分析的觀點

    •生物角度

    ,自主神經激活

    規例的焦慮人格功能的影響:

    •運行的認知控制。

    •實現潛在水平的智力運作。

    •症狀的形成。

    •主觀窘迫。

    如何焦慮表現在個別的運作?

    •是否擾亂病人焦慮?

    •是否產生失敗的焦慮的表現?

    •是否焦慮減少的能力,以應付挫折?

    如果焦慮妨礙效能,然後病人可能顯示自拆台腳的行為,如:

    •退出任務。

    •成為非交際或不合作。

    •成為阻礙或情緒低落。

    •參與的衝動行為。

    如果焦慮沒有規定或管理的適應性,那麼問題可能出現的,包括

    •抑鬱症,撤回,或抑制的努力。

    •學校教育失敗或失去工作。

    •煩躁和侵略。

    •無源或依賴。

    是焦慮自覺經歷?

    •在何種程度上角正在經歷的焦慮

    •鉑的焦慮和潛在的個性衝突

    -之間的衝突控制和衝動

    -影響完好的角的自我

    •如何進行管理的焦慮?

    -這是經驗豐富的被動?它刺激幻想?它是否導致某種形式的活動?

    -是恐懼角約他/她的需要,因此成為抑制,社會不顯眼的,孤立的,或撤回?

    診斷問題的憂慮,是經驗豐富的

    •當行為是自我諧振(即當角的問題行為不會造成個人痛苦)

    性格神經症(人格障礙的診斷標準四)

    •當行為是自我外來

    症狀症

    •例外

    是的焦慮表現?

    •代理了通常的定義是行為代替衝突

    •相反的思考問題,角做或從事的行為,以

    擺脫焦慮

    •存在,特點和素質的代理了

    09年4月12日4時23分02秒補充

    典型的行為或具體?

    •代理出類型的人?

    •是否代理只能有助於減少焦慮?與其他方式?

    •是焦慮減少呢?

    •惠。執著與強制

    09年4月12日四點23分18秒補充

    避免焦慮

    •的特點代理出

    •翻譯

    -恐懼症患者症狀

    -被動

    -抑鬱等

    •干擾能力,學習和掌握的知識和認知技能

    09年4月12日4時23分54秒補充

    診斷影響焦慮表現

    •自我dystonic 焦慮症(除創傷後應激障礙)

    •基本上自我諧振接受社會的破壞性或不適當的行為

    09年4月12日4點24分43秒補充

    考慮是否有可能的脆弱性精神病

    •代理出伴隨著特點

    -欠發達的超

    -被動攻擊模式

    是焦慮somatized ?

    09年4月12日4時25分05秒補充

    •其中最令人不安的方式,積累試圖管理焦慮沒有直接經歷它涉及到各個方面引導他們自己的身體。

    -部分機構

    -內部器官

    -生理功能

    •軀體與疑病症

    09年4月12日4點25分52秒補充

    當焦慮是somatized

    • Somatizers不能輕易容忍挫折和直接經驗的窘迫

    焦慮。他們結合的焦慮表現在身體上,以避免遇到它直接。

    •代理中經常涉及到的憤怒,敵意,或性行為。

    09年4月12日四點26分14秒補充

    診斷影響焦慮行事

    •特性或特定

    •軀體形式障礙

    •心理健康狀況的影響因素(心身症)

  • 6 years ago

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    http://phi008780420.pixnet.net/blog

  • 妮妮
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    焦慮

    •精神分析的觀點

    •生物角度

    ,自主神經激活

    規例的焦慮人格功能的影響:

    •運行的認知控制。

    •實現潛在水平的智力運作。

    •症狀的形成。

    •主觀窘迫。

    如何焦慮表現在個別的運作?

    •是否擾亂病人焦慮?

    •是否產生失敗的焦慮的表現?

    •是否焦慮減少的能力,以應付挫折?

    如果焦慮妨礙效能,然後病人可能顯示自拆台腳的行為,如:

    •退出任務。

    •成為非交際或不合作。

    •成為阻礙或情緒低落。

    •參與的衝動行為。

    如果焦慮沒有規定或管理的適應性,那麼問題可能出現的,包括

    •抑鬱症,撤回,或抑制的努力。

    •學校教育失敗或失去工作。

    •煩躁和侵略。

    •無源或依賴。

    是焦慮自覺經歷?

    •在何種程度上角正在經歷的焦慮

    •鉑的焦慮和潛在的個性衝突

    -之間的衝突控制和衝動

    -影響完好的角的自我

    •如何進行管理的焦慮?

    -這是經驗豐富的被動?它刺激幻想?它是否導致某種形式的活動?

    -是恐懼角約他/她的需要,因此成為抑制,社會不顯眼的,孤立的,或撤回?

    診斷問題的憂慮,是經驗豐富的

    •當行為是自我諧振(即當角的問題行為不會造成個人痛苦)

    性格神經症(人格障礙的診斷標準四)

    •當行為是自我外來

    症狀症

    •例外

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