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阿不思 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文翻譯 急急急

Coping strategies

Prior research has suggested that people, while using a variety of coping strategies when contending with workplace stressors (Lambert et al., 2004a), may tend to select specific strategies. For example, Lambert et al. (2004b) found that hospital nurses from Japan tend to use, most often, the coping strategy, self-control; nurses from South Korea preferred positive reappraisal, while nurses from USA favoured the use of problem solving. According to O’Brien and DeLongis (1996), in general, nurses tend to use problem-focused coping strategies (problem solving, planning, positive reappraisal) when dealing with work-related problems and emotion-focused coping strategies (distancing, denial, escape avoidance) when contending with family- or health-related issues.

Coping strategies have been found to be related to the presence of job satisfaction. Boey (1998) found that nurses who encounter workplace stressors and have high job satisfaction, are more likely to use problemfocused coping methods (active coping, ability enhancement and alteration of perspective), compared with nurses who encounter workplace stress, but experience low job satisfaction.

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不要翻譯軟體喔

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Coping strategies

    處置策略

    Prior research has suggested that people, while using a variety of coping strategies when contending with workplace stressors (Lambert et al., 2004a), may tend to select specific strategies.

    先前的研究指出人們使用各種應對策略去應付工作場所之壓力源(蘭伯特等人, 2004年, a卷)時,或許傾向選擇特定的策略。

    For example, Lambert et al. (2004b) found that hospital nurses from Japan tend to use, most often, the coping strategy, self-control; nurses from South Korea preferred positive reappraisal, while nurses from USA favored the use of problem solving.

    舉例來說,蘭伯特等人 (2004b卷)發現日本的護士幾乎都傾向於自我控制的處置策略;南韓的護士則偏好正面的再評估;而美國的護士則喜愛問題解決導向的方式。

    According to O’Brien and DeLongis (1996), in general, nurses tend to use problem-focused coping strategies (problem solving, planning, positive reappraisal) when dealing with work-related problems and emotion-focused coping strategies (distancing, denial, escape avoidance) when contending with family- or health-related issues.

    根據O’Brien and DeLongis (1996),大致來說,當護士在處理工作相關的問題時,他們傾向使用集中於問題上的處置策略(問題解決、計劃、正面的再評估);而在處理家庭或健康相關的議題上,他們則傾向集中於情感上的處置策略(疏遠、否認、逃脫、迴避)。

    Coping strategies have been found to be related to the presence of job satisfaction. Boey (1998) found that nurses who encounter workplace stressors and have high job satisfaction, are more likely to use problemfocused coping methods (active coping, ability enhancement and alteration of perspective), compared with nurses who encounter workplace stress, but experience low job satisfaction.

    處置策略已經被發現與現階段的工作滿意度相關。Boey (1998)發現相較於面對工作場所上之壓力源但工作滿意度不高的護士,面對工作場所上之壓力源並且有高度工作滿意度的護士,較可能使用集中於問題上之處置方法(主動處理、提高處理能力和見解的改變)。

    Source(s): My brain
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  • 1 decade ago

    應付的戰略預先的研究建議了那人民,当曾经各種各樣應付的戰略时,当对付工作場所致壓力素(等朗伯, 2004a)时,也许倾向于選擇具體戰略。 例如,朗伯(2004b)等发现從日本的醫院護士倾向于,經常,使用應付的戰略,自我控制; 而從美國的護士傾向了使用解决问题,從南韩首選的正面再評價護理。 根據O'Brien和DeLongis (1996),護士一般來說,倾向于使用問題被聚焦的應付的戰略(解决问题,計劃,正面再評價),当应付與工作有關的問題和情感被聚焦的應付的戰略(疏遠,否認,逃命退避)时,当对付家庭或與健康有關的問題时。发现應付的戰略与工作满意程度有关出现。 boey (1998)发现遇到工作場所致壓力素并且有高工作满意程度的護士,是可能使用problemfocused應付的方法(透視的活躍應付,能力改進和改變),比较遇到工作場所重音的護士,但是經驗低工作满意程度。

    Source(s): yahoo奇摩字典
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  • 應對策略

    此前的研究表明人,而使用各種不同的應對策略與工作場所時,競爭壓力(蘭伯特等人。 , 2004年) ,可能會選擇特定的戰略。例如,蘭伯特等。

    ( 2004年)發現,醫院的護士由日本傾向於使用,最經常的應對策略,自我控制;護士從韓國傾向於積極的重新評估,而護士由美國贊成使用問題的解決。

    據奧布賴恩和DeLongis ( 1996年) ,一般情況下,護士往往使用問題為重點的應對戰略(解決問題,規劃,積極重新評估)在處理與工作有關的問題和情感為重點的應對戰略(保持距離,拒絕,逃避避免)當對立與家庭或健康有關的問題。

    應對策略被認為是有關存在的工作上的滿足感。

    Boey ( 1998年)發現,護士誰遇到工作壓力和工作滿意度高,更容易使用problemfocused應對方法(積極應對,能力建設和改建的觀點) ,而護士誰遇到工作壓力,但經驗工作滿意度低。

    Source(s): google 翻譯
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