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Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

專業英文文章翻譯-6

Thermal Comfort in the Climatic Conditions of Southern Italy

This paper presents the results of four thermal comfort

surveys conducted in naturally ventilated and air-conditioned

buildings located in Bari, in southern Italy, during winter and

summer seasons. The buildings were of different types, including

offices, lecture rooms, and library reading rooms. The

sample of subjects consisted mostly of students. A total of 20

rooms were analyzed by measuring indoor climatic parameters.

During the measurements, the subjects located near the

probes were asked to fill in a questionnaire to rate the thermal

environment at that moment. A total of 1840 valid questionnaires

were collected during the four surveys. Clothing insulation

levels were 0.45 clo in summer and 0.90 clo in winter.

Metabolic rate was assumed equal to 1.2 met. Thermal neutrality,

according to the ASHRAE seven-point scale, occurred at

24.4°C and 26.3°C in summer and at 20.7°C and 20.6°C in

winter, respectively in naturally ventilated (NV) and air-conditioned

(AC) buildings. Preferred temperature, based on the

McIntyre preference scale, was cooler in summer (24.2°C and

25.6°C in NV and AC buildings, respectively) and warmer in

winter (23.1°C and 21.2°C in NV and AC buildings, respectively).

Thermal acceptability was investigated by means of all

the available scales, showing that the indirect estimation of

acceptability (based on the three central categories of the

ASHRAE scale) only provides partial information about occupants’

conditions. Finally, the whole set of data was analyzed

in order to propose an adaptive algorithm for this climatic zone.

The resulting equation (Tc = 17.82 + 0.315 Trm), where Tc is

the comfort temperature and Trm is the running mean outdoor

air temperature, proved to be in good agreement with other

studies.

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3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    熱舒適的氣候條件的意大利南部

    本文介紹的結果, 4個熱舒適

    所進行的調查顯示,自然通風和空調

    建築物坐落在巴里,在意大利南部,在冬季和

    夏季。這些建築物的不同類型,包括

    辦公室,教室和圖書館閱覽室。那個

    抽樣對象主要是學生。共有20個

    客房進行了分析測量室內氣候參數。

    在測量的主體位於

    探針被要求填寫一份調查問卷,率熱

    環境在那一刻。總共有1840份有效問卷

    在收集了4次調查。服裝絕緣

    水平0.45克隆在夏季和冬季0.90克隆。

    代謝率假定等於1.2滿足。熱中立,

    根據製冷與空調工程師協會7個等級,發生在

    24.4 ℃和26.3 ℃ ,夏季在7月20日攝氏度和20.6攝氏度

    冬季,分別在自然通風(公司)和空調

    (交流電)的建築物。推薦溫度的基礎上,

    麥金太爾偏好規模,清涼夏季( 24.2 ° C和

    25.6 ° C的NV和交流建築物,分別)和氣溫偏高

    冬季( 23.1 ℃和21.2 ℃ , NV和交流的建築物,分別) 。

    熱接受調查的所有手段

    現有的規模,這表明間接估計

    可接受性(基於三個核心類

    製冷與空調工程師協會規模)只提供部分信息佔用'

    條件。最後,整個的一組數據進行了分析

    為了提出一個自適應算法這一氣候帶。

    由此產生的方程(锝= 17.82 + 0.315 Trm ) ,那裡是锝

    舒適的溫度和Trm是指室外運行

    空氣溫度,證明是良好的一致性與其他

    研究。

    Source(s): goodle
  • ?
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    兩位回答者都是以網路翻譯所以沒有真正'將原意用中文正確解答大大的問題.....

  • 1 decade ago

    翻譯如下

    熱舒適的氣候條件的意大利南部

    本文介紹的結果, 4個熱舒適

    所進行的調查顯示,自然通風和空調

    建築物坐落在巴里,在意大利南部,在冬季和

    夏季。這些建築物的不同類型,包括

    辦公室,教室和圖書館閱覽室。那個

    抽樣對象主要是學生。共有20個

    客房進行了分析測量室內氣候參數。

    在測量的主體位於

    探針被要求填寫一份調查問卷,率熱

    環境在那一刻。總共有1840份有效問卷

    在收集了4次調查。服裝絕緣

    水平0.45克隆在夏季和冬季0.90克隆。

    代謝率假定等於1.2滿足。熱中立,

    根據製冷與空調工程師協會7個等級,發生在

    24.4 ℃和26.3 ℃ ,夏季在7月20日攝氏度和20.6攝氏度

    冬季,分別在自然通風(公司)和空調

    (交流電)的建築物。推薦溫度的基礎上,

    麥金太爾偏好規模,清涼夏季( 24.2 ° C和

    25.6 ° C的NV和交流建築物,分別)和氣溫偏高

    冬季( 23.1 ℃和21.2 ℃ , NV和交流的建築物,分別) 。

    熱接受調查的所有手段

    現有的規模,這表明間接估計

    可接受性(基於三個核心類

    製冷與空調工程師協會規模)只提供部分信息佔用'

    條件。最後,整個的一組數據進行了分析

    為了提出一個自適應算法這一氣候帶。

    由此產生的方程(锝= 17.82 + 0.315 Trm ) ,那裡是锝

    舒適的溫度和Trm是指室外運行

    空氣溫度,證明是良好的一致性與其他

    研究。

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