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Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

Elucidate what occurred at least 5 years after the genocide in Ethiopia with the survivors...............?

I need to Elucidate what occurred at least 5 years after the genocide in Ethiopia with the survivors and perpetrators.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
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    Ethiopia's former Soviet-backed Marxist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam was tried in an Ethiopian court, in absentia, for his role in mass killings. Mengistu's charge sheet and evidence list was 8,000 pages long. The evidence against him included signed execution orders, videos of torture sessions and personal testimonies.[176] The trial began in 1994 and on 12 December 2006 Mengistu was found guilty of genocide and other offences. He was sentenced to life in prison in January 2007.[177][178] It should be noted that Ethiopia defines genocide as intent to wipe out political and not just ethnic groups.[179] 106 Derg officials were accused of genocide during the trials, but only 36 of them were present in the court. Several former members of the Derg have been sentenced to death.[180] Zimbabwe has refused to respond to Ethiopia's request that Mengistu be extradited, which has permitted Mengistu to avoid his Ethiopian life imprisonment sentence. Mengistu supported Robert Mugabe, the long-standing President of Zimbabwe, during his leadership of Ethiopia.[181]

    Some experts have estimated that 150,000 university students, intellectuals and politicians were killed during Mengistu's rule.[182] Amnesty International estimates that up to 500,000 people were killed during the Ethiopian Red Terror[183][184][185] Human Rights Watch describes the Red Terror as “one of the most systematic uses of mass murder by a state ever witnessed in Africa.”[176] During his reign it was not uncommon to see students, suspected government critics or rebel sympathisers hanging from lampposts each morning. Mengistu himself is alleged to have murdered opponents by garroting or shooting them, saying that he was leading by example

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