Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsEarth Sciences & Geology · 1 decade ago

How To Prepare for An Earthquake?

I want to be prepared if an actual earthquake struck. I have a dog, a family of 4 and we live in an apartment. What should I have and what should I do during an earthquake?

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  • 1 decade ago
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    PROTECTION DURING EARTHQUAKES

    The following are some of the important precaution to be observed to save our life during an earthquake. Even though we do not have fool proof system to fore warn earthquakes some of the changes in nature or in the behaviors of animals and birds may help to decide the situations.

    Before an earthquake.

    Have a battery powered radio, flash light, and first aid kids in your house ,

    Make sure every one knows where they are kept ,

    Learn first aid; teach how to stop electric main and gas supply ,

    Don’t keep heavy objects in high shelves ,

    Fasten heavy appliances to the floor, and anchor heavy furniture to the walls ,

    Plan for your family for reuniting after an earthquake if anybody separated ,

    Urge your school teachers to discuss earthquake safety in the class rooms, and ask them to conduct drills ,Keep some dry fruits and drinking water.

    Find out your office has an emergency plan, know your responsibility at your works during an emergency .Keep some dry fruits and drinking water .

    During an earthquake.

    Stay calm if you are indoors, stay out if you are out of buildings. Many injuries occur as people enter or leave the buildings.

    If you are indoors , stand against the a wall near the center of the building, or get under a sturdy table keep some cushion on your head, Stay away from windows and outside doors, if you are in a high rise building stand against a support column.

    If you are in outdoor stay in the open place , keep away from over head electric wires. and bridges,

    Don’t use open flames, if you are in a moving vehicle stop away from over bridges and stay inside the vehicle still earthquake stops.

    After an earthquake.

    Check yourself and nearby people for injury, provide first aid,

    Check electric and gas connection,

    Turn on your radio or T.V for emergency instructions, reduce the use of phone lines it may be required for conveying some important messages.

    Stay out of damaged buildings,

    Wear chapels and gloves to protect against shattered glass and debris.

    Stay away from beaches and water front areas where Tsunami could strike, even long after the shaking has stopped.

    Have one earthquake alarm fixed in your house.

    I am the person issued the warning 2 hours before Tsunami struck our coast.

    Source(s): My research work in early warning systems.
  • 5 years ago

    There are precious few cities in the world which *are* prepared for earthquakes. Most large cities of Japan are, as is Taiwan. The west coast of the US is in pretty good shape - though not as prepared as Japan. The rest of the world... nope. Earthquakes come, things fall down. Even cities like London or New York would fair very poorly in a good sized quake. The monster that hit Haiti would have created pure havoc wherever it happened - it was just too big. Third world nations typically fair the worst - and Haiti is *very* third world. The priorities for their people was staying fed and clothed - even there they were not doing well. That's what makes a huge earthquake like this such an enormous tragedy. It slammed the worst off people in the hemisphere with a disaster Tokyo or LA wouldn't have been able to cope with.

  • 1 decade ago

    Repair defective electrical wiring, leaky gas lines, and inflexible utility connections. Get appropriate professional help. Do not work with gas or electrical lines yourself.

    Bolt down and secure to the wall studs your water heater, refrigerator, furnace, and gas appliances. If recommended by your gas company, have an automatic gas shut-off valve installed that is triggered by strong vibrations.

    Place large or heavy objects on lower shelves. Fasten shelves, mirrors, and large picture frames to walls. Brace high and top-heavy objects.

    Store bottled foods, glass, china, and other breakables on low shelves or in cabinets that fasten shut.

    Anchor overhead lighting fixtures.

    Be sure the residence is firmly anchored to its foundation.

    Install flexible pipe fittings to avoid gas or water leaks. Flexible fittings are more resistant to breakage.

    Locate safe spots in each room under a sturdy table or against an inside wall. Reinforce this information by moving to these places during each drill.

    Hold earthquake drills with your family members: Drop, cover, and hold on!

    Take cover under a sturdy desk, table, or bench or against an inside wall, and hold on. If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building.

    Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.

    Stay in bed - if you are there when the earthquake strikes - hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. In that case, move to the nearest safe place.

    Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and if you know it is a strongly supported, loadbearing doorway.

    Stay inside until shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Most injuries during earthquakes occur when people are hit by falling objects when entering into or exiting from buildings.

    Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.

    DO NOT use the elevators.

  • 1 decade ago

    best bet. usgs.gov the site will tell you everything you need to do and what you need to have. An emergency bag in the house and in your car are a necessity. There are two trains of thought of what you need to do, under something if possible or next to something. Not in a doorway any more. There are lots of things you can do ahead of time to help during. Oh and museum wax is a good thing for holding things down. also strapping things like water heaters etc.

    Source(s): usgs. gov
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