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Was US support for the Contras in Nicaragua justified?

1. Who are the Contras?

2. What was the reason for why we supported the Contras?

3. Background information?

Also, answers from both view points are appreciated.

2 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Nicaragua v. United States of America

    by kto9 Thu Oct 11 2001 at 2:56:18

    In April of 1984 the government of Nicaragua, led by Daniel Ortega Saavedra, filed case against the United States of America, under President Ronald Reagan, claiming that the actions of the United States were in violation of international law.

    In its decision, two years later, the World Court agreed with Nicaragua that the United States had violated international law and, in all likelihood, committed crimes against humanity.

    The United States did not dispute the facts of the case. Instead, it just disregarded the court's decision. So, Nicaragua brought the matter to the U.N. Security Council, where the United States vetoed a resolution (11 to 1, 3 abstentions) calling on all states to observe international law. Nicaragua then turned to the General Assembly, which passed a resolution 94 to 3 calling for compliance with the World Court ruling. The United States did not comply, nor did it ever apologize or pay reparations.

    This behavior by the United States has raised serious questions about the validity of any judgement by the World Court involving the United States -- since the US has already proven it won't abide any decision that does not go in its favor. Many who study international law view the actions of the United States in dealing with the International Court of Justice in the matter of terrorism against Nicaragua as the gravest setback to international law in our lifetime. The Contras is a label given to the various rebel groups opposing Nicaragua's FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberacion Nacional) Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction following the July 1979 overthrow of Anastasio Somoza Debayle. Although the Contra movement included a number of separate groups, with different aims and little ideological unity, the Nicaraguan Democratic Force (FDN) emerged as by far the largest. In 1987, virtually all Contra organizations were united, at least nominally, into the Nicaraguan Resistance.

    From an early stage, the rebels received financial and military support from the United States through the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), initially supplemented by the Argentinean government of the time. At other times the US Congress wished to distance itself and withdrew all support.

    The term "Contra" comes from the Spanish la contra, short for la contra-revolucion, in English "the counter-revolution", an expected byproduct of many revolutions. (Many references use the uncapitalized form, "contra", sometimes italicizing it.) Some rebels disliked being called Contras, feeling that it defined their cause only in negative terms, or implied a desire to restore the old order. Rebel fighters usually referred to themselves as comandos ("commandos"); peasant sympathizers also called the rebels los primos ("the cousins"). Later, veterans recalled their movement as la resistencia.


    Following the July 1979 fall of dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle and the rise to power by the Sandinistas, the Nicaraguan National Guard disbanded. Those in the higher ranks had the means to escape and found a route to exile. The others (thousands) surrendered to the victorious Sandinista revolutionary forces and were placed in concentration camps to await trial. Those who had reason to fear arrest for war crimes committed remained at large but were persecuted, and sometimes killed. Pablo Emilio Salazar (Comandante Bravo), an ex-National Guard's commander, hoped the escaped contra rebels could be regrouped. But he was chased and killed in October 1979 by Sandinista intelligence, and the remainder of the National Guard disintegrated again. A minority formed groups such as the Anti-Sandinista Guerrilla Special Forces, the 15th of September Legion, and the National Army of Liberation. However, these groups were small and conducted little active raiding into Nicaragua.[1]

    Meanwhile, some of the Nicaraguan middle class, whose discontent with Somoza had led them to back the Sandinistas, soon became disillusioned by Sandinista rule. Businessman José Francisco Cardenal went into exile and founded the Nicaraguan Democratic Union (UDN), centered around fellow Conservative Party exiles, with the Nicaraguan Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARN) as its armed wing.

    The earliest Contras inside Nicaragua were the MILPAS (Milicias Populares Anti-Sandinistas), peasant militias led by disillusioned Sandinistas. Founded by Pedro Joaquín González, the Contra Milpistas were also known as chilotes (green corn). Even after his death, other MILPAS bands sprouted during 1980-1981. The Milpistas were composed largely of the campesino highlanders and rural workers who would later form the rank and file of the rebellion.[2] [3][4][5]

    [edit] Main groups

    The CIA and Argentine intelligence, seeking to unify the anti-Sandinista cause before initiating large-scale aid, pe

  • ?
    Lv 4
    5 years ago

    it grow to be unjustified, the reagan administration helped kill a lot of hundreds of persons contained in the call of "democracy" they have been speding money like loopy on wars we had no top to be the so referred to as "protecter of democracy" specific, in the event that they grew to grow to be antagonistic then attempt to place slightly muscle, yet their isn't any reason to bypass to a distinctive's lower back backyard russia did help them, yet that didnt gave us the remarkable to do the comparable playstation : maximum of those "alliences" are in basic terms for organic greed of yet another u . s . a .. france helped us so as that they are able to be the greater effective u . s . a ., we helped the soviet union so it ought to wreck the greater effective evil, we helped jap scientist and generals escape trials in replace for his or her expertise they recieved from the grousome experiments on harmless chinese language, we helped some nazis escape for the comparable motives with the jap yet i'm getting out of context, yet as a rule those "alliences" are executed for greed we, the united stateshave executed a number of them for greed. why do you think of we gave low fee help? to incorporate communism after ww2 why do you think of their grow to be the monroe doctorine? to make us the remarkable ruler of the americas why do you think of we nonetheless have nuclear treaties on who can produce nukes? so we and different international places dont ought to hardship of our ability being weakned

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