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how were peoples lives after the Latin American Revolution?

1 Answer

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    The revolutions of Latin America really has never improved the peoples lives. It has always been mainly one one General taking over a democracy because the differences and bickering made it easy for armies to step in and run countries. Constant cout's and government overthroughs. Simon Bolivar wanted a group of Latin states but because of distasnces and differences his ideas were respected but nothing really came of them.

    So to this day things have no gotton much better for Latin America, the fact when we speak of them, we refer to them as 3rd world countries says it all. Plus now you have the drug trade and human slavery to produce the drug crops. So really all the revolutions did was replace European monachies with military dictators, drug lord and poverty. At least under European rule there was stable government and a they were treated better then today. It is almost ashame.

    The Latin American Wars of Independence were the various revolutions that took place during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that resulted in the creation of a number of independent countries in the Latin American region. These revolutions followed the American and French Revolutions, which had profound effects on the Spanish, Portuguese and French colonies in the Americas. Haiti, a French slave colony, was the first to follow the United States to independence after a war that lasted from 1791 to 1804. Thwarted in his attempt to rebuild a French empire in North America, Napoleon Bonaparte turned his armies to Europe, invading and occupying many countries, including Spain and Portugal in 1808. The Peninsular War, which resulted from this occupation, caused Spanish Creoles to question their allegiance to the metropole, stoking independence movements that culminated in bloody wars of independence, which lasted almost two decades. At the same time, the Portuguese monarchy relocated to Brazil during Portugal's French occupation. After the royal court returned to Lisbon, the prince regent, Pedro, remained in Brazil and in 1822 successfully declared himself emperor of a newly independent Brazil.

    Internal divisions also resulted in internecine wars. For example, Gran Colombia proved too fragile and the South American nation collapsed within ten years. Because many of the rulers of this period (often called caudillos) who came to power were from the military, a strong authoritarian streak marked many of the new governments. There were countless revolts, coup d'états and inter-state wars, which never allowed Latin America to become united.[citation needed] This was exacerbated by the fact that Latin America is a land of various and very diverse cultures that do not identify with, or have a sense of unity, with one another.

    The Spanish Empire in America was reduced to three Caribbean islands: Cuba and Puerto Rico. Santo Domingo was under Spanish rule for some years before definitive independence was achieved. After three independence wars in Cuba, the Spanish-American War finally took away the islands from Spain at the end of the nineteenth century.

    Brazil remained an anomaly in Latin America as a large, successful and stable monarchy until 1889, when a republic was founded.

    Main article: Organization of American States

    The notion of closer Pan-American and hemispheric unity in the American continent was first put forward by the Liberator Simón Bolívar who, at the 1826 Congress of Panama, proposed the creation a league of American republics, with a common military, a mutual defense pact, and a supranational parliamentary assembly. This meeting was attended by representatives of Gran Colombia (comprising the modern-day nations of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela). Nevertheless, the great distances and geographical barriers, not to mention the different national and regional interests, made union impossible.

    Sixty-three years later the Commercial Bureau of the American Republics was established. It was renamed the International Commercial Bureau at the Second International Conference of 1901–1902. These two bodies, in existence as of 14 April 1890, represent the point of inception of today's Organization of American States.

    Source(s): 1. Kenneth J. Andrien and Lyman L. Johnson. The Political Economy of Spanish America in the Age of Revolution, 1750-1850. Albuquerque, University of New Mexico Press, 1994. 2. Richard Graham. Independence in Latin America: A Comparative Approach (2nd edition). McGraw-Hill, 1994.
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