Anita S asked in 科學及數學數學 · 1 decade ago

maths problems

Plz help me to solve the following problems and EXPLAIN,thx in advance!

1. find the highest common factor of 4x^3 - 11x^2 +25x +7 and 2x^3 - 5x^2 +11x +7

2. find the lowest common multiple of a^4 + a^2b^2 and a^3 - b^3 and a^3 + b^3

3. the net taxable income is calculated by subtracting the basic allowance,which is $108000 this year,from the total annual income.It has been announced that next year,the basic allowance would be reduced to $100000.Eric and Erica said that they had to pay $960 and $810 more respectively.

-Use an inequality to represent the possible range of net taxable income of Eric this year.Hence,state Eric's monthly income this year.

-Calculate Erica’s monthly income this year.

-Erica needs to pay rates as she owns a flat.The tax rate on ratable value is 5% this year.If she needs to pay $10000 in total for 2 types of tax this year,find the ratable value of her flat.

Below is the table for salaries tax,

Net taxable incomes: On the first $35000 – Rate 2%

On the next $35000 – Rate 7%

On the next $35000 – Rate 12%

On the remaining – Rate 17%

Update:

4. The line segment joining A(a,a) and B (b,b) is divided into n equal parts.The coordinates of the rth point of division from A is?(plz tell me what is this question talking about as well ORZ)

Update 2:

5. The line segment joining A(8,1) and B(0,3/5) meets the x-axis at P (p,0).Find the ratio AP:PB.

xin2122 what r u talking about

Update 3:

im so sorry!i got Q.5 wrong.B should be (0,-3.5).i follow ur method but i cannot calculate the correct ans.would u mind to work on it again?

Update 4:

DOES ANYONE KNOW HOW TO DO Q.3?

1 Answer

Rating
  • wy
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    Q1. Let the HCF be H

    so 4x^3 - 11x^2 + 25x + 7 = HQ(x) where Q(x) is a function of x.

    2x^3 - 5x^2 + 11x + 7 = Hf(x) where f(x) is also a function of x.

    so (4x^3 - 11x^2 + 25x + 7) - (2x^3 - 5x^2 + 11x + 7) = HQ(x) - Hf(x)

    = H[Q(x) - f(x)] = 2x^3 - 6x^2 + 14x = 2x(x^2 -3x + 7).

    since both 2 and x are not common factors of the two polynomials, so their HCF is x^2 - 3x + 7.

    Q2. LCM is the product of the 3 items since they don't have common factors.

    Q4. Let the rth division point be P(x, y).

    So number of division of AP = r, number of division of PB = n - r.

    Based on the formula of point of division, we get

    so x = [rb + a(n -r)]/[r + (n -r)] = (rb + an - ar)/n = y since A is (a,a) and B is (b,b).

    Q5.

    Equation of line joining AB is

    (y - 1)/(3/5 - 1) = (x - 8)/(0 - 8)

    (y -1)/(-2/3) = (x -8)/-8

    8(y -1) = 2/3(x - 8).

    when y = 0, x = p

    so -8 = 2/3(p - 8)

    -24 = 2p - 16

    -8 = 2p, p = - 4.

    By similar triangle AP : PB = 8 + 4 : 4 = 12 : 4 = 3 : 1.

    2009-03-19 19:47:57 補充:

    Correction: Q5 Line 2 (3/5 - 1) should be = -2/5, not -2/3, so the equation should be 8(y-1) = 2/5(x -8), so p should be -12, so AP : PB = 12 + 8 : 12 = 20 : 12 = 5 : 3.

    2009-03-19 21:16:03 補充:

    Q5 can be solved by a much simpler way, again by using similar triangle but in the y direction, since A is (8,1), B is (0,3/5) and P is (p, 0), so AP : PB = 1 : 3/5

    = 5 : 3.

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