Anthony asked in 社會及文化語言 · 1 decade ago

Translate..中譯英 請勿使用網上翻譯 20點

首先,我想說說改革的定義。改革是人們改變社會制度的一種方式。改革是由社會統治力量內部的少數派發動的改變社會制度的政治活動,但改革都要經歷血腥,這是社會進步不可避免、必須支付的代價。明治維新是指19世紀末日本所進行具有資本主義性質的全面西化與現代化改革運動,並以「富國強兵」為目標進行多項改革。王政復古後,日本仍有多個封建領地,因此明治政府決定廢除封建制度,因此日本正式成為真正統一的國家。1868年的【五條誓文】中強調「廣求知識於天皇」,說明日本認為教育亦須改革。通過改革,日本未接受教育人口少於5%。明治政府明白強大的軍隊有助其統治,亦可防禦侵略。1872年日本仿傚英國海軍軍制,雖然按照西方軍制建立海軍及陸軍,但強調沿用武士道精神鼓吹士氣。在這個歷史中,我明白了日本為何從一個落後的農業國轉變成為一個現代化的工業國,其原因是政府推行的徹底改革,而且得到中國借鏡,因此改革得到空前成功。但是其海外擴張政策,卻令不少東亞民族受到不少凌辱,日本政府的空前成功,是很值得學習,但其擴張政策卻十分可恥。

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  • 1 decade ago
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    First of all, I would like to talk about the definition of reform. Reform is to change a way of social systems. The reform of society are ruled by the minority forces launched an internal change in the political activities of the social system, but reform must be going through the bloody, this is the inevitable progress of society, must pay the price. Refers to the Meiji Restoration in Japan by the end of the 19th century with the capitalist nature of the comprehensive reform of Westernization and modernization exercise, and "富國強兵" as the target for a number of reform. Wang retro, the Japanese are still a number of feudal territories, so the Meiji government decided to abolish the feudal system, Japan became a unified country really. Five of the 1868 agreement】 【Medium emphasize "seek broad knowledge in the emperor," that Japan believes that education should be reformed. Through reforms, Japan did not receive education in a population of less than 5%. Meiji government to understand the powerful military will help its rule, can also be defensive aggression. 1872 British naval forces in Japan to follow the system, although the Western military system set up in accordance with the Navy and the Army, but the emphasis used to advocate the morale of the spirit of Bushido. In this history, I see why the Japanese from a backward agricultural country into a modern industrial country, the reason is that the Government implemented a radical reform, but also learn from the Chinese, so the reform to be a spectacular success. But its overseas expansion policy has forced a lot of abuse by many East Asian nation, the Japanese government's unprecedented success, is very worthy of study, but its expansion policy is shameful.

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