Anonymous asked in TravelEurope (Continental)Greece · 1 decade ago

greek theater????????????????

i need a summary on greek theater for an english project please and thank you

2 Answers

  • Best Answer

    The theatres were originally built on a very large scale to accommodate the large number of people on stage, as well as the large number of people in the audience, up to fourteen thousand. Mathematics played a large role in the construction of these theatres, as their designers had to able to create acoustics in them such that the actors' voices could be heard throughout the theatre, including the very top row of seats. The Greeks' understanding of acoustics compares very favourably with the current state of the art, as even with the invention of microphones, there are very few modern large theatres that have truly good acoustics. The first seats in Greek theatres (other than just sitting on the ground) were wooden, but around 499 BCE the practice of inlaying stone blocks into the side of the hill to create permanent, stable seating became more common. They were called the "prohedria" and reserved for priests and a few most respected citizens~

    ~The Theaters of Greece~

    Dodoni Ancient Greek Theater

    Epidauros Theater

    Delphi Theater

    Achaia; Greek Odeum of Patras; situated close to the site of the ancient agora, the odeum was built in the 2nd century AD and destroyed a hundred years later

    Arcadia; Theater of Mantineia; the little theater of Mantineia delimits the west side of the agora; its cavea was formed on a man-made fill

    Arcadia; Greek theater of Orchomenos; of Hellenistic date and located close to the agora

    Argolid; Theater of Argos; built in the 4th century BC, it held 15,000 spectators on the seats hewn from the rock; there were marble places for honored persons

    Argolid; Theater of Aegeira; the cavea was divided into unequal sections; built in the Hellenistic period and repaired in Roman times

    Argolid; Theater of Epidaurus; the ancient Greeks considered the theater in the sanctuary of Asclepius at Epidaurus the most beautiful and harmonious

    Argolid; Theater of Epidaurus; it was restoredduring the 1950’s and can accommodate an audience of 14,000; used for modern performances of ancient drama

    Corinth; Theater of Corinth; the large theater and the odeum at Corinth are adjacent to each other; the first was built by Emperor Hadrian and had 15,000

    Corinth; Theater of Sicyon; it lies below the acropolis of Sicyon; the first rows of seats, the orchestra with a subterranean passage and part of the skene are preserved

    Delos Ancient Greek Theater

    Eleia; Theater of Elis; the 4th century BC theater acquired its monumental aspect in Hellenistic times; the cavea was of earth, as was the stadium at Olympia

    Etoloakarnania; theater of Pleuron; the ruins of the Hellenistic theater lie in the western sector of the city which was rebuilt after the destruction in 234 BC

    Evia; the ancient Greek theater at Eretria

    Heraklion; the theater of Gortyn; the ruins of the large theater stand on the banks of the river Lethaios

    Imathia; Theater of Aegae (Vergina); the orchestra and part of the cavea of the theater in which King Philip II was assassinated

    Ioannina; the ancient theater of Dodone

    Kavala; Philippi; the theater

    Lassithi; the theater of Koufonissi; hewn from the soft rock in imperial times, the theater's cavea is open to the north; destroyed in the fourth century AD

    Laconia; Theater of Gytheion; built of local marble in early imperial times; only eight rows of seats have survived

    Laconia; Theater of Sparta; very few elements of the old theater of Sparta have survived; the ruins visible today are of Roman date; the skene was mobile

    Lassithi; the theater of Lato; a most peculiar theater, comprising nine straight tiers for the spectators and a flat area in front of them

    Magnesia; Volos; Theater of Demetrias; built by the founder, Demetrios Poliocretes; only the seats in the front row (proedria) were of stone; restored in 1960

    Theater of Makyneia; dated to the late 4th century BC

    Messinia; Theater of Messene; this theater is incorporated in the sanctuary of Asclepius; the proskenion was high and the skene had three large portals

    Milos; the theater of Milos; cut into the rocky slope near the city’s ancient agora, the phase which survives dates from the time of the Roman Occupation

    Theater of Oiniadai; a small theater of the Hellenistic era, built on a steep hillside; it is nowadays used for local artistic events

    Ancient Greek Theater at Oropos

    Heraklion; the theater of Phaistos; built in 2000 BC and repaired in 1700 BC

    Pieria; Theater of Dion; built on an artificial embankment beside the sanctuary of Dionysos, the theater has a large stone skene and brick-built seats

    Pieria; Odeum of Dion (2nd c. AD); a charming little roofed building for 500 spectators, belonging to the bath complex; used for diverse artistic events

    Preveza; Theater of Nicopolis; detail of the theater

    Preveza; Odeum of Nicopolis; more or less contemporary with the odeum of Herodes Atticus in Athens but much smaller

    Preveza; Theater of Cassope; the Hellenistic theater at Cassope is built

  • 4 years ago

    All roles were played by males, even the female roles. Ancient Greek plays were performed at public religious festivals. Most ancient Greek plays were written for theatrical competitions (at the religious festivals). Colorful, decorative masks (that likely also were constructed in a way that helped magnify the actor's voice) were worn by actors. Many ancient Greek plays, at least in portions, involved dancing and singing or chanting some of the parts (particularly the Chorus). Since the appearance of gods was so common in ancient Greek plays, the stages came to be constructed with a hidden door containing a lifting crane that would, at the right moment, allow the actor portraying the deity to be lifted down onto the stage. This was called the 'Deus ex Machina' ("God in the Machine"), a phrase still used in drama today to refer to any plot device of an outside power suddenly appearing and resolving the conflict.

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