58711122 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

急~~~贈20點!!請幫忙翻譯以下這段英文...

The scope of the problem.

Communication difficulties frustrate people with dementia and

their caregivers.

Dementia affects basic language skills, which are categorized as

receptive (decoding and understanding information) or expressive

(conveying information).

In addition, basic language skills are dependent on cognitive abilities

that are also affected by dementia, such as forming memories,

solving problems, and thinking abstractly.

To further complicate matters, many other conditions common in

older adults who have dementia—such as delirium—can exacerbate

communication problems.

These other factors may also play a role 2:

* vision or hearing impairment

* environmental factors such as the noise from nearby conversations, excessive sensory stimulation (such as that produced by flashing

lights and intermittent beeping of unfamiliar equipment), and

unaccustomed glare or dim lighting

* the absence of familiar caregivers

* cultural and language differences between the patient and clinical

staff

* medical conditions and adverse medication effects that

compromise mental status

*anxiety

Nurses must identify these kinds of interference in their assessment.

For example, you can try to ensure that people who usually wear

eyeglasses or hearing aids have access to them at all times.

When compromising conditions cannot be addressed before your

assessment, note that in the patient's chart and do the assessment at

another time.

For example, when a patient's mental status is compromised by the

effects of anesthesia, document that the assessment should be

postponed.

Similarly, the presence of many conditions, including delirium, that

affect mental status—even when the patient doesn't have

dementia—should be considered when assessing any aspect of

functioning.

感激不盡~~~~~~~~~~

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    581 大大

    您好

    剛剛 看了一下 我大致幫你翻譯好了

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    問題的範圍。

    溝通困難阻撓和老年癡呆症的人

    他們的照顧者。

    老年癡呆症影響的基本語言技能,它被列為

    接受(解碼和理解的信息) ,或表現

    (傳送信息) 。

    此外,基本的語言技能是依賴於認知能力

    這也影響到老年癡呆症,如形成的回憶,

    解決問題,抽象思維。

    為了進一步使問題複雜化,許多其他條件共同在

    誰擁有老年人癡呆症,如譫妄,可能會加劇

    通訊問題。

    這些其他因素也可能發揮作用2 :

    *視力或聽力障礙

    *環境因素如噪聲來自附近交談,過分感官刺激(如製作的閃爍

    燈光和間歇響鬧陌生設備) ,和

    不習慣或昏暗燈光刺眼

    *如果沒有熟悉的照顧

    *文化和語言之間的差異及臨床病人

    全體職員

    *醫療條件和不利影響的藥物

    妥協的精神狀態

    *焦慮

    護士必須確定這些類型的干涉其評估。

    例如,您可以嘗試,以確保人民誰通常磨損

    眼鏡或助聽器獲得他們在任何時候。

    當損害的條件不能得到解決之前,您

    評估,指出,在病人的圖表,並做了評估,

    另一時間。

    例如,當一個病人的心理狀態受到損害的

    影響麻醉,文件的評估應

    推遲。

    同樣,存在著許多條件,包括譫妄,即

    影響精神狀態,即使在病人沒有

    癡呆時,應考慮任何方面的評估

    運作。

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