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Sean
Lv 6
Sean asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

During the Holocaust in what European countries were the concentration camps built?

I know Germany and Poland but are there any others?

6 Answers

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  • Sidney
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Smiej, yes European countries were occupied during the war, but it would be impossible to say where the camps were if you couldn't list the countries they were in. I have never seen any indication by any historian that European countries ceased to exist because they were occupied, even though their governments may have ceased to exist during that time. But the French Vichy Government under Petain collaborated with Nazi Germany as it says after the list of French camps.

    GERMANY:

    Bergen-Belsen (probably 2 sub-camps but location is unknown)

    Börgermoor (no sub-camp known)

    Buchenwald ( 174 sub-camps and external kommandos)

    Dachau (123 sub-camps and external kommandos)

    Dieburg (no sub-camp known)

    Esterwegen (1 sub-camp)

    Flossenburg (94 sub-camps and external kommandos)

    Gundelsheim (no sub-camp known)

    Neuengamme (96 sub-camps and external kommandos)

    Papenburg (no sub-camp known)

    Ravensbruck (31 sub-camps and external kommandos)

    Sachsenhausen (44 sub-camps and external kommandos)

    Sachsenburg (no sub-camp known)

    AUSTRIA:

    Mauthausen (49 sub-camps and external kommandos)

    BELGIUM:

    Breendonck (no sub-camp known)

    CZECHOSLOVAKIA:

    Theresienstadt (9 sub-camps)

    ESTONIA:

    Vivara

    FINLAND:

    Kangasjarvi

    Koveri

    FRANCE:

    Argeles

    Aurigny

    Brens

    Drancy

    Gurs

    Les Milles

    Le Vernet

    Natzweiler-Struthof (70 sub-camps and external kommandos)

    Noé

    Récébédou

    Rieucros

    Rivesaltes

    Suresnes

    Thill

    for these camps, no sub-camp known

    Work camps created by the Government of Vichy in Morocco and ALGERIA. Following the Atlas of the Holocaust by Martin Gilbert, thousands of Jews were sent to these camps by the French pro-nazi government of Petain:

    Abadla

    Ain el Ourak

    Bechar

    Berguent

    Bogari

    Bouarfa

    Djelfa

    Kenadsa

    Meridja

    Missour

    Tendrara

    HOLLAND:

    Amersfoort

    Ommen

    Vught (12 sub-camps and external kommandos)

    Westerbork (transit camp)

    ITALY:

    Bolzano

    Fossoli

    Risiera di San Sabba (no sub-camp known)

    LATVIA

    Riga

    Riga-Kaiserwald

    Dundaga

    Eleje-Meitenes

    Jungfernhof

    Lenta

    Spilwe

    LITHUANIA

    Kaunas

    Aleksotaskowno

    Palemonas

    Pravieniskès

    Volary

    NORWAY:

    Baerum

    Berg

    Bredtvet

    Falstadt

    Tromsdalen

    Ulven

    POLAND:

    Auschwitz/Birkenau - Oswiecim-Brzezinka (extermination camp - 51 sub-camps)

    Belzec (extermination camp - 1 sub-camp)

    Bierznow

    Biesiadka

    Dzierzazna & Litzmannstadt (These two camps were "Jugenverwahrlage", children camps. Hundreds of children and teenagers considered as not good enough to be "Germanized" were transfered to these places - see our article about the Lebensborn - and later sent to the extermination canters)

    Gross-Rosen - Rogoznica (77 sub-camps)

    Huta-Komarowska

    Janowska

    Krakow

    Kulmhof - Chelmno (extermination camp - no sub-camp known

    Lublin (prison - no sub-camp known)

    Lwow (Lemberg)

    Czwartaki

    Lemberg

    Majdanek (extermination camp - 3 sub-camps)

    Mielec

    Pawiak (prison - no sub-camp known)

    Plaszow (work camp but became later sub-camp of Majdanek)

    Poniatowa

    Pustkow (work camp - no sub-camp known)

    Radogosz (prison - no sub-camp known)

    Radom

    Schmolz

    Schokken

    Sobibor (extermination camp - no sub-camp known)

    Stutthof - Sztutowo (40 sub-camps and external kommandos)

    Treblinka (extermination camp - no sub-camp known)

    Wieliczka

    Zabiwoko (work camp - no sub-camp known)

    Zakopane

    RUSSIA: (The real number of concentration and extermination camps established in occupied Soviet Union by the Nazies is unknown. The following list contains the name of the major camps. Some of these camps were under Romanian control; e.g. Akmétchetka or Bogdanovka where 54,000 were executed between December 21th and December 31th, 1941)

    Akmétchetka

    Balanowka

    Bar

    Bisjumujsje

    Bogdanovka

    "Citadelle" (The real name of this camp is unknown. The camp was located near Lvov. Thousands of Russian POWs were killed in this camp)

    Czwartaki

    Daugavpils

    Domanievka

    Edineti

    Kielbasin (or Kelbassino)

    Khorol

    Klooga

    Lemberg

    Mezjapark

    Ponary

    Rawa-Russkaja

    Salapils

    Strazdumujsje

    Yanowski

    Vertugen

    (for all these camps, no sub-camp known).

    YUGOSLAVIA:

    Banjica

    Brocice

    Chabatz

    Danica

    Dakovo

    Gornja reka

    Gradiska

    Jadovno

    Jasenovac

    Jastrebarsko

    Kragujevac

    Krapje

    Kruscica

    Lepoglava

    Loborgrad

    Sajmite

    Sisak

    Slano

    Slavonska-Pozega

    Stara-Gradiska

    Tasmajdan

    Zemun

    (for all these camps, no sub-camp known).

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  • 1 decade ago

    Your question should be rather: " In what European, OCCUPIED BY NAZI GERMANY countries were the concentration camps built?" Remember about it. It is very important. Theoretically Poland, France, Czechoslovakia, the Netherlands etc. didn't exist during the occupation

    edit

    Sidney you are right, of cours. But there is one seriuos danger connected with omitting the term "occupied by nazi Germany". Today many young people from countries where the Holocaust didn't take place taught that concentaracion camps were built in Poland, Czech Rep., Holland etc. can come to the conclusion that it were Czechs, Polish, Yugoslawians etc. who built that camps. It's the big misunderstanding because the Holocaust was the idea created by Nazi Germany not by goverments of Holland, Poland, Lithuania etc. Yes in some countries like French Vichy state, there were puppet goverments who colaborated with Nazi Germany but SOME countries hadn't such colaborated goverments. Historians know the history, it is their job, but some facts should be known by an average hamburger eater. If some journalists still use the term "Polish Concentracion Camps" many young people all over the world will learn strange version of history. That is the reason why the name of "Auschwitz Concentration Camp" was few years ago officialy changed into "German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)."

    http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/363

    As Goebbels said: “If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it."

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  • 4 years ago

    No, the Nazis were as opposed to Communism as they were to Jews, homosexuals, Roma, and anyone else they didn't like. But in the case of communism, their opposition was based on a very real and legitimate fear of political opposition. Communism was strong and tempting to millions of impoverished Germans in the 20's and early 30's. The Nazis were fascists, combining suppression of human rights with a devotion to the private-enterprise capitalists who provided the war machinery. Note that the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, an alliance between the Soviets and the Nazis, took everyone by surprise, because it seemed like something the Nazis would never do, ally with their enemies. And, in fact, the Nazis simply ignored that pact when they chose and invaded the U.S.S.R. The final verdict was that the Soviets reached Berlin as or before the Allies did, and East Germany was in fact a communist state until the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Yes, people associated communism with Jews, you're right about that. But your logic that communism therefore indirectly caused the Holocaust is utterly faulty. What caused the Holocaust was the behavior of Nazi Germany, which has no excuses, and very few reasonable explanations.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Netherlands

    Germany

    Poland

    Czech

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Here's a map of where they were located:

    http://www.english.illinois.edu/Maps/holocaust/map...

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  • 1 decade ago

    czech...

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